The Gose is a type of beer that originated in Goslar.
Origin and type
The name probably derives from the small Harzflüsschen Gose from out of which the master brewer based in the Middle Ages the water for the production of beer. In the Middle Ages Gose took place from resin from spreading and become popular, particularly in the area of Dessau, Halle and Leipzig.
The Gose shall constitute a specific, old beer type, both with Berliner Weisse, as well as with Belgian Lambicbieren and its special form, the Geuze, has a certain resemblance. Gose was earlier, like most beers, by spontaneous fermentation. Today, the top-fermenting brewing method is used, in addition to the alcoholic is still taking place a bacterial lactic acid fermentation, which leads to the typical sour taste. Another peculiarity consists in the addition of common salt and coriander.
Unconfirmed traditions, according to the Roman - German king and later emperor Otto III. already have been a lover of Gose in the year 1000, which he drank in the convent of Quedlinburg during visits his sister Adelheid.
The oldest preserved document in the Gose, brewed in Ilse Burgkloster, mentioning it is dated March 27, 1332. Another documentary mention there in 1397, in the town of Goslar Gerhard von Berg, the Bishop of Hildesheim, a barrel Gosebier sent.
According to legend, Prince Leopold of Anhalt- Dessau ( the Old Dessauer ), Gose introduced in 1738 in Leipzig, where she soon became extremely popular. Busy spreading the Gose in Leipzig is from 1824. This year, Johann Philipp Ledermann a brewery servant from Goslar in the Harz Mountains, with its formulation and technical expertise applied successfully in the brewery of the manor Döllnitz near Halle.
In the 19th century Gose was a common, mostly cloudy wheat beer, the lexically a heavy digestibility was attributed to up to diarrhea, the other, " but a nice beer soup " give. In 1900 the Gose was the most consumed beer in the fair city, so that Leipzig also called Gosestadt. Meanwhile, the manor brewery in Döllnitz had become the main suppliers.
After the brewery was confiscated in Döllnitz 1945 in the wake of German reparations from the Soviet occupation forces and dismantled, there was no in Leipzig more Gose. In 1949 the Leipzig master brewer Friedrich Wurzler in a small brewery back in production, supplying a few Goseschenken. Except for the Hotel Fröhlich these taverns closed until 1958. Wurzler The brewery was in 1966. Thus, there was no more in Leipzig Gose.
1986 was the Leipzig university teacher and designer Lothar Hahn in gold Weißbierbrauerei the VEB Kombinat Berlin drinks again Gose brew old recipe and opened the redeveloped Gosenschenke without hesitation in Leipzig. A second Gosenschenke with in-house Gosebrauerei Opened in 2000, renovated in the Bayerischer Bahnhof. In other Leipziger Gose inns can be found again as a specialty beer on the map.
In Goslar middle of the 19th century set the brewing of Gose. Only in 1993 took the local brewmaster Andrew motorman restarted production. Since 2004, the Brauhaus Goslar offers different varieties of the Harz Urbieres that are served in different restaurants and eateries as a local specialty. Recently, these specialty beer is also manufactured in Austria: the beer magic in Brunn am Gebirge took over in 2010, the recipe from the Brauhaus Goslar. The fresh Gose is thereby filled shortly before the end of primary fermentation in the bottle to allow a real bottle with secondary fermentation.
Since 2007, the original the manor Gose is brewed in Hartmannsdorfer Brauhaus near Chemnitz.
By Microbrewery trend in North America is brewed in recent years in the USA and Canada Gose as a specialty in small scale.