Government of Portugal
The Portuguese Government as the executive Gubernative one of the three branches of government in the Portuguese state alongside the Portuguese Parliament, the judiciary and the Portuguese President. She heads the Portuguese policy, leads by the Portuguese Parliament, the Assembleia da República, adopted laws and is the highest organ of state administration.
As Portuguese Government a certain number of people is referred to, which were commissioned by the Portuguese President to form the government, usually as a result of parliamentary elections. As a rule the party or a coalition of several parties forming the government, which in turn have won the general elections. The respective government is also called constitutional government, in Portuguese Governo Constitucional to this to a provisional government in Portuguese Governo PROVISORIO, who governed between the Carnation Revolution of April 25, 1974 and the entry into force of the Portuguese Constitution on 25 April 1976, differ.
The government depends on the government's program and worked with it including the state budget, which is the Portuguese Parliament ( " Assembleia da República " ) presented in turn annually and adopted there. The government program also shapes the decisions of the Portuguese Council of Ministers and the respective decisions of the individual members of the government. Failure to comply with the government program may approve or criticize the Portuguese State President and the Members of Parliament may ask questions to the government to provide a vote of confidence or no-confidence motions through elections the people.
The mandate of the government usually ends after four years. Even if the person sitting in the government parties win the elections again, this is taken as finished, old mandate. The mandate of a government is also considered completed when a confidence vote is not confirmed or a parliamentary majority passes through a motion of censure. If the president the democratic functioning is threatened, he may dismiss the Government, as well, on the other hand, a government can not continue to rule even if their program is not confirmed in parliament.
The Portuguese government has political, legislative and administrative functions in the Portuguese State. For this purpose, among others are also negotiating with other countries and inter-governmental organizations such as the European Union and the United Nations, but also proposing laws that will advise you on the turn in the Portuguese Parliament. Additional features include the implementation of the adopted laws and deciding on public funding.
After parliamentary elections for the Portuguese Parliament or after the resignation of the previous government, the Portuguese president listened to in the Assembleia da República parties represented and then instructed a person to form the Portuguese Government.
The Portuguese government is headed by the Prime Minister, in Portuguese Primeiro - Ministro, who is appointed by the President. The Prime Minister appoints members thereon for the offices to be filled and items of government. After the swearing in of the Prime Minister and the Minister they draw up the government program, which is then presented to the Parliament.
Ministers are facing each individual ministries whose portfolios include each specific areas of executive and management of the Portuguese State. There are basically no rules for the number of ministries or for certain related topics, in the course of the various Governments of Portugal, however, certain ministries have been established, so that a change of duties this is rarely done. The following ministries are in the Portuguese government usually part of the government:
- Ministry of Internal Administration ( Ministério da Administração Interna )
- Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Communications ( Ministério the Obras Públicas, Transportes e Comunicações )
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs ( Ministério dos Negocios Estrangeiros )
- Ministry of Labour and Social Security ( Ministério do Trabalho e da Solidariedade Social)
- Ministry of Finance and Public Administration ( Ministério das Finanças e da Administração Pública )
- Ministry of Health ( Ministério da Saúde )
- Ministry of National Defense ( Ministério da Defesa Nacional)
- Ministry of Education ( Ministério da Educação )
- Ministry of Justice ( Ministério da Justiça )
- Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education ( Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior)
- Ministry for the Environment, Regional Development and Property management ( Ministério do Ambiente, do Ordenamento do Território e do Desenvolvimento Regional)
- Ministry of Culture ( Ministério da Cultura )
- Ministry of Economy and Innovation ( Ministério da Economia e da Inovação )
- Ministry of Agriculture, Fishing and Rural Development ( Ministério da Agricultura, do Desenvolvimento Rural e the Pescas )
- Presidency of the Council of Ministers ( Conselho de Presidencia do Ministros ) can be subdivided into: Minister of State fishing characteristics and internal management ( Minister of State as e Administração Interna )
- Minister of Presidential Affairs ( Ministro da Presidencia )
- Minister of Parliamentary Affairs ( Ministro dos Assuntos Parlamentares )
Since June 2011, Prime Minister Pedro Passos ruled in Portugal Coelho with his Cabinet. The current personnel composition and the departmental cut of the XIV Portuguese Government are as follows:
Governments since 1976
Since the entry into force of the Portuguese Constitution on 25 April 1976 following governments or ministers cabinets have ruled the Portuguese State:
- Cabinet Soares I (1976-1978)
- Cabinet Soares II ( 1978)
- Cabinet Nobre da Costa (1978 )
- Cabinet Mota Pinto (1978-1979)
- Cabinet Lurdes Pitasilgo (1979-1980)
- Cabinet Sá Carneiro (1980-1981)
- Cabinet Pinto Balsemão I ( 1981)
- Cabinet Pinto Balsemão II (1981-1983)
- Cabinet Soares III (1983-1985)
- Cavaco Silva Cabinet I (1985-1987)
- Cavaco Silva Cabinet II (1987-1991)
- Cavaco Silva Cabinet III (1991-1995)
- Cabinet Guterres I (1995-1999)
- Cabinet Guterres II (1999-2002)
- Cabinet Durão Barroso (2002-2004)
- Cabinet Santana Lopes (2004-2005)
- Cabinet Sócrates I (2005-2009)
- Cabinet Sócrates II (2009-2011)
- Cabinet Passos Coelho ( since 2011 )