Grammar School

Grammar schools meet today in the United Kingdom the German secondary schools. The schools are mainly known for the cultivation of classical studies ( Latin and Greek ). The eight-year course prepares students for university studies, but the majority of students will change after six years with the then acquired Grammar School Certificate in vocational education and training ( Technical Colleges ).

The high standard of education at the grammar schools led to a strong inflow, and it was difficult to get a seat. At state-run schools were led mid-20th century an approval tests for eleven- and twelve- year-old. From the 1950s began with the gradual introduction of comprehensive schools that match the overall German school. Many of the known grammar schools but as in Manchester or King Edward's in Birmingham did not want to give up the principle of selection and were therefore Public Schools.

Corresponds to a Grammar School in the U.S. - regional variations - often a German elementary school.


In medieval Europe Grammar School was the name given to each school. Many of these religious educational institutions belonging to cathedrals and monasteries, others were founded as charitable institutions. Were taught Latin grammar. In the 14th century there were in England and Wales about 400 grammar schools for a population of about 2.5 million. Often, these schools were also called high school, especially in Scotland, where the term was used for the first time in Edinburgh 1519.

Grammar schools cost nothing and were almost everywhere called in the 16th century as public schools, as opposed to the smaller and more elite private schools for their visit fees were to be paid. In the course of time developed many of the larger Grammar Schools to modern, chargeable Public Schools; the original designation Grammar School they left focused on those facilities that no fees. The funding for these schools come in recent times no longer from charitable sources, but consist of government grants.