Grand Forks, North Dakota
Grand Forks County
Grand Forks is a city ( with a status of "City" ) and the administrative seat of Grand Forks County in the U.S. state of North Dakota. In 2010, Grand Forks had 52 838 inhabitants, making it the third largest city in North Dakota. By the estimation in year 2012, the population increased to 53 456.
Grand Forks is the core city of the metropolitan area of Greater Grand Forks, which extends on both sides of the border between North Dakota and Minnesota and consists essentially of Grand Forks and the neighboring city of East Grand Forks, Minnesota.
Grand Forks is located in eastern North Dakota on the Red River of the North, which forms the border with Minnesota. The geographical coordinates of Grand Forks are 47 ° 55'31 " north latitude and 97 ° 01'57 " west longitude. The city covers an area of 49.9 km ².
Towns nearby Grand Forks East Grand Forks are next on the opposite bank of the Red River Fisher in Minnesota ( 23.9 km southeast), Thompson ( 22.2 km SSW ), the Grand Forks Air Force Base (30,2 km west ) and Manvel (21,1 km to the northwest ).
The nearest major cities are Winnipeg in the Canadian province of Manitoba (236 km north), Duluth, Minnesota on Lake Superior ( 430 km east-southeast ), Minneapolis, Minnesota (506 km south-east ), Fargo (130 km south) and North Dakota's capital city Bismarck ( 401 km west-southwest ).
The border with Canada is located 125 km north.
Through the west of Grand Forks runs in a north -south Interstate 29, which is the shortest route from Winnipeg to Kansas City in Missouri. Coincident with the I 29 here runs the U.S. Highway 81 in west-east direction of the U.S. Highway 2 runs through the city of Grand Forks and exits the state east across a bridge over the Red River. All other streets within the city are subordinate roads, some unpaved roadways and within local roads.
In node Grand Forks several Railroads BNSF Railway meet together.
The Grand Forks International Airport is located 12.9 km west-northwest of the city center. The nearest major airports are the Hector International Airport in Fargo (125 km south) and the Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport (238 km north).
The town was first settled by a steamboat captain named Alexander Griggs. Previously it was a trading place of the Indians. The name " Grand Forks " ( division of the rivers Red River and Red Lake River) was first mentioned in 1870. Since 1883 Grand Forks is home to the University of North Dakota. It is also an Air Force Base, but the Grand Forks Air Force Base is to be closed with the IATA code RDR. Until the planned destruction of the Minuteman missile silos as a result of partial disarmament in the 1990s, the Minuteman ICBMs were in Grand Forks part of the strategic nuclear arsenal of the United States. Today in Grand Forks no more intercontinental ballistic missiles are stationed. In 1997, the city was heavily flooded and destroyed.
According to the census in 2010 lived in Grand Forks 52 838 people in 22,260 households. The population density was 1058.9 people per square kilometer. In the 22,260 households lived statistically 2.21 per person.
The racial the population was composed of 89.7 percent white, 2.0 percent African American, 2.9 percent Native American, 2.2 percent Asian and 0.7 percent from other ethnic groups; 2.5 percent were descended from two or more races. Regardless of ethnicity were 2.8 percent of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
18.4 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 71.5 percent were between 18 and 64 and 10.1 percent were 65 years or older. 48.8 percent of the population was female.
The median annual income for a household was $ 46,050. The per capita income was $ 25,807. 16.7 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.
Grand Forks is home to the University of North Dakota, the largest and oldest University of North Dakota.