Grass Skiing is a sport that is exerted from spring to fall on grassy slopes. It is closely related by the motions of the alpine skiing. The sports equipment used, the grass skiing, but differs entirely from the ski used for winter sports. With grass skis the runner rolls over the runway, sliding like on snow is not possible. Therefore, grass skiing is also called roller ski alpine.
Already 1883 has been filed for patent in Austria, a "roll ski boot ", which, however, quickly fell into oblivion. The precursor of grass skis used today was developed in 1960 by the German Emperor Joseph to give the alpine skiers a training opportunity during the snow-free time away from the glacier ski areas. As summer training, however, Grasski could never prevail and so athletes began on the grass skiing to specialize. In the 1960s and 1970s, the new sport from Germany initially Austria, Switzerland and Italy spread, then in Western Europe, in Asia and in Australia. Later Grasski was also popular in Eastern European countries, Turkey and Iran.
As the number of active grass skier, national and international competitions and racing series began to develop. In 1971, the first time a Grasski European Cup was held in 1976 the first European Championship was held in 1979 and every two years World Championships will take place. In 2000, the European Cup by the Grass Skiing World Cup was replaced.
Grasski received in 1976 in the German Ski Association and in 1978 in the Austrian Ski Federation, a separate unit. In 1985 Grasski was integrated under President Marc Hodler in the International Ski Federation (FIS ). The decision to place on the XXXV. FIS Congress in Vancouver. Before that, the grass skiing was organized and regulated by the International Ski Federation grass ( IGSV ). First Chairman of the FIS Grass Skiing Committee was the Austrian Robert Apschner, who was previously president of the IGSV. He was succeeded in 2002 the Czech Jiří Russwurm.
Grass skis and binding
A Grasski consists of a track, on the rolling elements with the help of the so-called covering - a belt with sliding elements - running, and thus is similar to the chain drive a tracked vehicle. The belt is protected with a special plastic sheet from soiling. The running track is connected by a wooden plate with the binding on the two metal strap with a buckle a solid connection is made to a conventional ski boot.
The maximum height of a Grasskis is 12 cm. The length is limited to children up to 14 years to 80 or 85 cm; for juniors from 15 years and adults, the maximum length is not limited, it goes to about 100 cm. The distance between the upper and lower guide rail, measured at the ends of the binding plate, 66 mm does not exceed.
In FIS competitions and the corresponding training courses is the use of ski helmets and back protectors, such as those used in Alpine skiing, mandatory. The other equipment such as racing suit, ski boots, ski poles and gloves also correspond to those of alpine skiers. Ski goggles are not worn by all runners.
In Grasski be the Slalom, Giant Slalom, Super -G, Super Combined (formerly combination ), rarely played and parallel competitions. In contrast to the Alpine race men and women usually drive behind each other on the same course.
The competitions in the grass skiing are organized by the FIS. In addition to the World Cup and FIS races since 1979 every two years is annually held a world championship since 2000. For young grass skiers aged 15 to 20 years a Junior World Championship has been conducted annually since 1990.
Before the introduction of the World Cup a Grasski European Cup has been held since 1971 and from 1976 to 1996, alternating with the World Championships, a European Championship. From 1975 to 1989 European Junior Championships were held.