The political district of Graz-Umgebung is located in the center of the Austrian province of Styria. It surrounds the not to the district belonging to the state capital Graz, where the headquarters of the district team is why Graz-Umgebung is the only district of Styria without its own county seat. Graz-Umgebung is to Graz - City of the district with the second highest population in the province.
- 6.1 Road
- 6.2 rail
- 6.3 airport
The district Graz-Umgebung is in the Central Styria. He participates in four regions: the West and the North West of the region are the Western Styria and thus the foothills of the Alps Lavanttaler. The north and the north-east of the district belong to the Grazer Bergland and thus to the mountain range east of the Mur, while the East is counted to the hills of Eastern Styria. The south of the district ultimately belongs to the Graz Basin.
The district is crossed from north to south of the River Mur which forms the border between West and East Styria. Along the Mura are the larger towns of the district, so that around 70,000 inhabitants live here on about 250 km ² (density:. 280 inhabitants / km ²). The other major rivers in the district are the Kainach in the southwest and the Rabnitzbach in the Northeast. The rest of the district area is crossed by many small streams.
The highest mountains in the district area located in the north- west in the area of Gleinalpe in the municipality of Übelbach. The highest peaks are ( 1,831 m) formed by Speikkogel ( 1,988 m), Lärchkogel ( 1,894 m), Eiblkogel. In the northeast of Schoeckl stands out with an altitude of 1,445 m.
Expansion of the district
The district Graz-Umgebung measures from north to south about 50 km and from east to west at its widest point about 40 km, the total area is 1100.71 km ².
- The judicial district of Graz-Ost comprises the eastern part of the city of Graz and the southern part of the district Graz-Umgebung.
- The judicial district of Graz-West covers the western part of the city of Graz and the northern part of the district of Graz-Umgebung.
Through a Ministerial Regulation, the territory of the district court in 1849 created Graz in 1854 divided into three district courts: District Court I. Section ( of Graz on the right bank of the Mur ), District Court Section II ( of Graz on the left bank of the Mur ), District Court III. Section ( Graz area environment).
The Graz surrounding area was renamed on 1 January 1867 under the name of the judicial district of Graz area, and formed during the separation of the political from the judicial administration from 1868 together with the judicial districts Frohnleiten and Voitsberg the district Graz-Umgebung.
After being separated by October 1, 1891 by the district Graz-Umgebung by a resolution of the imperial court district Voitsberg, the judicial districts Frohnleiten and Graz remained only environment at the district Graz-Umgebung.
Excretion of the community Petzendorf from the district of Leibnitz, the area of the district increased by 1 January 1924 2.7 km ².
In the wake of the Nazi administrative organization it came by October 15, 1938 for incorporation of numerous surrounding communities to the city of Graz, which the district Graz-Umgebung lost face.
Even in the 1950s it came to larger territorial changes in the district of Graz-Umgebung. Thus came the communities Monkey Mountain and Präbach April 1, 1952 by District Weiz to the district Graz-Umgebung.
As of 1 January 1957, the municipality Pöls was excreted in the Wieserbahn from the district of Leibnitz and slammed the district Graz-Umgebung.
The district Graz- environment consists of a total of 57 municipalities, including a municipality and 22 market towns (population: As of 1 January 2013):
The most important of the abbreviations used are:
- M = center of the municipality
- Stt = district
- R = Rotte
- W = hamlet
- D = village
- ZH = Scattered houses
- Sdlg = settlement
- E = bowery (only if they have their own town code)
The complete list that uses the Statistics Austria, can be found at Topographic settlement Labelling according to STAT
Please note that some places may have different spellings. So Katastralgemeinden write differently than the same localities.
Source: Statistics Austria - Steiermark list (PDF)
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The population of the district Graz-Umgebung growing faster than the national average. In the years 1951 to 2001, the population increased by 60 %, while all of Styria had only about 7% increase over the same period. This is due to the proximity to the state capital and the good infrastructure of the district (highways, airport, railways ).
The results of the recent local elections brought district far the following result:
The district Graz-Umgebung is well connected to the national road network. From north to south the Phyrn motorway A9 from Linz to Graz and passes it to Slovenia. She has a half - * and eight full- junctions in the district area: Übelbach (157) German Feistritzwerke - Peggau (165) Gratkorn - North (170) and Gratkorn -South (173 ) in the north and Seiersberg (188) Schwarzlsee * (190 ), Schachenwald (192) Kalsdorf (194) and Wundschuh (197 ) in the south of the district.
In the district area, the node Graz-West A 9 is the South A 2 motorway from Vienna to Graz and Klagenfurt, which runs through the district from east to west. She can be reached via four connection points within the district: Lassnitzhoehe (169 ), Graz Airport / Feldkirchen (182) Unterpremstätten ( 188) and Lieboch (194 ). In the north of the district, the Brucker Straße S 35 runs along the Mur Bruck an der Mur.
The district is crossed by a number of former national roads, which, starting from Graz all directions result in (almost ): The Packers road B 70 extends from Graz to Klagenfurt along the south highway, as well as the Gleisdorfer road B 65 from Graz to state line to Hungary. The Grazer Straße 67 B extends from German Feistritzwerke Slovenia along the Phyrn motorway. These three roads are the main axes. Of them go further from: the Rechbergstraße B 64 of Frohnleiten to Weiz in the north, the Weiz road B 72 from Graz to Weiz in the Northeast, the Radlpass road B 76 in the southwest and the Kirchbacher road B 73 in the southeast.
The district is crossed from north to south along the Mur of the Southern Railway, which runs from Bruck an der Mur to Graz and Slovenia. From the Southern Railway, the Koralmbahn under construction as well as some minor railway lines branch off in the district area as the Graz- Köflacher railroad that serves the southwest, the Styrian Eastern Railway, which runs through the eastern part of the county area, as well as the local railway Peggau - Übelbach in the north. Due to the mountainous and hilly landscape shape the district can not be connected to the rail network in particular the West and the Northeast.
In the district there was no railway station is of national importance. All stations are served only by regional trains and S-Bahn Steiermark. The intercity network can be achieved only through the Hauptbahnhof Graz.
In the county, the Graz Airport is located on the territory of the municipalities of Feldkirchen and Kalsdorf on the southern edge of the state capital.
The northernmost municipality of Trnava is the southernmost municipality is Zwaring - Pöls, while the westernmost municipality Übelbach is. Farthest to the east, St Marein located near Graz.
The smallest commune is Werndorf with 624 ha, while Frohnleiten with 12,764 ha is the largest and therefore Graz exceeds sixteen acres.
Trnava has the fewest with 151 inhabitants, with 7583 inhabitants, most Gratkorn (as of 1 January 2013).
Most densely populated municipality is the Seiersberg with nearly 1,000 inhabitants per square kilometer, while the least populated Trnava is only eight inhabitants per square kilometer.
The highest municipality ( the capital ) is Gschnaidt 769 m, the lowest-lying community is Werndorf with 309 m.