GS1 (Global Standards One ) is a worldwide organization providing global standards designed to improve supply chains and implement and is responsible for awarding the Global Trade Item Number ( GTIN ) worldwide.

The award system of the GTIN based on the fact that GS1 is registered as Issuing Agency (IAC ) according to International Standard ISO / IEC 15459-2 with the ISO Registration Authority. Based on this unique series and item numbers can be generated in the GS1 System. Parallel to GS1, there are other Issuing Agencies other industrial areas (eg Odette International for automobile, EDIFICE for electronics, HIBC for health and about 20 others).

GS1 is funded by the paid assignment of unique numbers for the various manufacturers of products that participate in the GS1 system. In retail, the GS1 system is dominant. In other industries, the GS1 system is not used, because it does not fit to these applications.


Early 1970s was of the U.S. food industry, the Uniform Grocery Product Code Council established to design a single barcode, it was renamed the Uniform Product Code Council and it was 1984, the Uniform Code Council with the abbreviation UCC. She has designed the Universal Product Code UPC with the abbreviation. They went up in the GS1 2005.

GS1 is since 2005 the common name of the now federated number assignment organizations EAN International and the Uniform Code Council. She has appeared in over 100 countries, national organizations, such as in Germany GS1 Germany. The two headquarters of GS1 in Brussels ( Belgium) and Lawrenceville in the U.S. state of New Jersey (USA).

GS1 in Germany

Since 1974, the German GS1 organization is active. Joint Partner of GS1 Germany Markenverband and the EHI Retail Institute. Among other things, the company is in Germany for the SKU system GTIN ( formerly EAN ) is responsible. In addition, GS1 Germany calls for the application of new technologies for fully automatic identification of objects ( Electronic Product Code / RFID ) and develop solutions for more customer orientation (Efficient Consumer Response ). In addition to the umbrella organization in Brussels, the German subsidiary operates, among others, together with the German Institute for Standardization.

Before renamed GS1 Germany, the organization said in Germany CCG ( Centrale for Coorganisation )

Company Profile

The GS1 System is composed of services and solutions in four key areas:

This is also reflected in the four different divisions of GS1:


Barcodes is focused on the development and standardization of barcodes and the underlying identification systems business unit.


The division eCom deals with the conversion of conventional paper-based or unstructured data transmission in business transactions ( such as purchase orders by mail or fax ) in electronic, standardized and thus automatically poison messages.


EPCglobal is focused on the development and standardization of RFID technology business unit. The division operates under the mantle of EPCglobal Inc., based in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, which forms the second headquarters of GS1 simultaneously.

Global Data Synchronization Network ( GDSN )

GDSN is a division that deals with the development of an internet based technology network between different data pools and the GS1 Global Registry. Participating in the network of trade and industrial companies are in a position, their master data exchange standardized within the supply chain worldwide and to keep in sync.


GS1 is a so-called " non-profit " organization. It should, therefore, an advice and support of users take place that is not profit -oriented. In fact, GS1 operates but a partial aggressive marketing its own solutions and services. One example is This site is operated by GS1 Germany ( and the EHI ). The content appears at first glance to be a neutral information for SME's. At a closer look, but notice that there are mainly GS1 solutions provided. Would be correct advice on the neutral basis of ISO standards (ISO / IEC 15459 all parts, ISO 28219, ISO 22742, ISO 15394 ) or a very clear statement that GS1 as a service provider offering its solutions there (and so implicitly by konkurrienden organizations ). Interesting is the statement of the DIN:

  • NDWK is dissolved. DIN committee NIA takes over the task areas of the Standards Committee data and goods in the consumer goods industry ( NDWK ). German Institute for Standardization, November 4, 2011, accessed on 8 January 2014.