Template: Infobox city in Denmark / Maintenance / surface missing template: Infobox city in Denmark / Maintenance / height missing
Gudme is a small town in the southeast of the Danish island of Fyn ( Eng.: Funen ) about 10 km northeast of Svendborg. The place belongs to the parish community (Danish: Sogn ) Gudme Sogn, which originally belonged to the Office Harde Gudme Herred in Svendborg. From 1970 was Gudme center of Gudme municipality in Funen, which has risen in the course of municipal reform on 1 January 2007 in Svendborg municipality in the region Syddanmark. On January 1, 2013 lived in Gudme 962 inhabitants.
The heyday of the town lay in the " Germanic Iron Age ". With its sea port at today Lundeborg the area sticking out of the general development of the Iron Age in north out through far-reaching trade relations. In addition, the place of gold finds and a runic inscription drew attention to himself.
Based on a socio-historical analysis of the held for singular Gudme / Lundeborg in the archaeological overall context of this long -time place a sphere of influence must be admitted that over 1100 km ² on Funen extended.
The name means gods home. He refers to a sanctuary and is also contained in some other places of the north, such as on Bornholm as Gudhjem and in Sweden as Gudhem near Falköping. Similarly, meaningful name like Albjerg (turned hegtes sanctuary ), Galbjerg (sacrificial mountain ), Gudbjerg or Gudbjerglund Ravlunda ( amber grove ) indicate a spiritual center at the now largely silted Gudme Sø ( Gudmesee ).
Between Gudme and Lundborg was Møllegårdsmarken, the largest cemetery in Denmark, discovered from the Germanic Iron Age. It contained over 2,200 urn in which no weapons were found as grave goods. In contrast, the nearby cemetery of Brudager.
The fields were appointed barley and hemp. On the southern edge of the site the so-called " Gudme Kongehal " ( King's Hall ) was excavated in 1993. It consists of two large hangars, of which only the post holes were located. The larger hall was 47 meters long and eight meters wide. Some posts were 50 cm thick. The locations of the posts have been marked and so the hall outlines of a viewing platform are clearly visible. In the smaller hall a silver mask was found. In the area of the first part of the discovery of gold Broholm was lifted in 1833, the last was in 1991. It contained a total of about 10 kg of gold. The entire area is the center of the gold discoveries in Denmark. In Lundeborg among other figurines were found in gold plate. Small male figures, and men masks are a common phenomenon in the area around Gudme.
The custodian finds to Gudme date from 200-550 AD During this period, which is also called the Gold Age, was the third plant of Castle Eketorp on Öland, weapons victims were in Illerup Ådal deposited and took place in the southern half of Europe the migration of peoples. Similarly prosperous centers existed in Helgö in Old Uppsala, in Skåne and Gotland.
Gudme from the perspective of Bracteates Research
By exploring the golden idol amulets can be set up three main hypotheses for the function of Fyn wealth center in the region Gudme by Karl Hauck:
Context in the South
Settlement Archaeological investigations in the area of the North German coast were only isolated references to iron and Migration Period central places and Markets Show. In contrast to the Southern Scandinavian centers, they invariably break off at the beginning or in the middle of the 6th century.