Gulf Cup of Nations
The Gulf Cup, Arabic كأس الخليج Ka'as al - chalīdsch, DMG ka ʾ s al - ḫalīǧ, english Gulf Cup of Nations, is a full registered since 1970 football competition between the national football teams of the six Arab members of the Gulf Cooperation Council ( Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf or Gulf Cooperation Council - GCC), Yemen ( a candidate country of the GCC) and Iraq. This tournament is held every 2 to 3 years in one of the participating countries, so far 20 editions were held in eight countries. Defending champion is the team of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
- 4.1 scorer
- 4.2 Other Records
The idea for the tournament came during the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico. Initiator was Khalid al - Faisal, son of Saudi King Faisal ibn Abd al - Aziz during a meeting of the delegations of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar. During the tournament, the Bahraini delegation informed the FIFA President Sir Stanley Rous about this project. On 19 June 1969, the Bahraini Football Federation invited the associations of these countries to participate in the 1970 Gulf Cup taking place. The first tournament was finally discharged between 27 March and 3 April 1970 and ended with winning the Cup by the Kuwaiti national team. Then it was decided the tournament first discharge every two years.
Kuwait, at the time the only participant with an organized football league, the first editions clearly dominated and won these tournaments without much effort. 1974 managed the team to win without conceding a goal in five games, this could previously only by another team (Oman 2009) are repeated. The strongest opponents of Kuwaitis was Iraq, participated since 1976, already in the first part of Iraq resulted in the match against Kuwait in the meantime 2-0 and took the defending champions to the brink of his first defeat. The Kuwaitis go but after two hit game, the deciding game against Iraq was eventually won 4-2.
1979 ended the dominance of Kuwait when Iraq won all his six games on home soil and was first champion. On March 29, 1979 Kuwait lost the match against Iraq with 1:3, and so had his first loss after nine years to accept. In the 1980s, the Iraqis and Kuwaitis alternated each as winners from: 1982 Kuwait was after the retreat of Iraqi wins again in 1984 won Iraq 's tournament decider against Qatar in 1986 would the title again to Kuwait during the Iraq 1988 third time champion. After the Gulf Cup in 1990 both Iraq and Saudi Arabia had waived participation, the Iraqi team was excluded from participation due to the Kuwait invasion and the Second Gulf War. 1992 succeeded in Qatar as the third team to win the tournament. In 1994, Saudi Arabia, the fourth winner. Since then, Kuwait ( 1996, 1998, 2010), Saudi Arabia (2002, 2003), Qatar (2004), the United Arab Emirates (2007, 2013) and Oman ( 2009) won the tournament. In three issues in a row, the hosts always secured the title. The 2010 tournament was held in Yemen. The country was the first time in its history, organizers of the tournament.
As of 2004, handball, volleyball and basketball tournaments were held, but they play only a minor role.
At the first edition in 1970, the teams from Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and Saudi Arabia participated. These teams the United Arab Emirates, Oman and finally in 1974 the 1976 Iraq were added in 1972. After the exclusion of Iraq, the number of participants reduced from six teams before 2003, Yemen was allowed to attend a seventh team. After the fall of Saddam Hussein, the Iraqis from 2004 were allowed to participate again.
In the tournaments 1970-1972 and 1976-2003, each team played against each other, the team has the highest score was achieved at the end declared the winner. Until 1992, decided on points, neither the goal difference, the direct comparison about winning. Teams that have the same number of points had to a play- unsubscribe ( this occurred in 1976 and 1984 match Kuwait Iraq Iraq - Qatar ). 1974 was a first group stage, then played Ko - game.
After the number of teams was increased to eight in 2004, the group stage led you again. The eight teams will be drawn into two different groups, the two best group then reached the semi-finals. 2004 one more game for the third place was held, this was accounted for in spending between 2007 and 2009.
In the history of the tournament was played a total of four different trophies. The first was produced in Lebanon and 1970-1976 used after Kuwait was allowed to keep the trophy forever. The other cups were made in France, Germany and Italy.
The tournaments at a glance
- Most Games: Kuwait and Qatar (94 games)
- Top goals: Kuwait (174 goals)
- Most goals conceded: Oman (165 goals against)
- Best scorer: Yaqoub Jassim (Kuwait, 18 goals)
- Most goal in a tournament Hussain Said ( Iraq, scored ten goals in 1979 )
- Most Goals in a Game: Majid Mohammed Abdullah (Saudi Arabia, met in 1979 7-0 over Qatar six times into the goal )
- Highest-scoring games: Kuwait Oman 8:0 (1976 ), Iraq 7-1 Saudi Arabia ( 1976), Kuwait Qatar 6:2 (1998)
- The highest victory: Kuwait Oman 8:0 (1976 ), Kuwait UAE 7:0 (1972 ), Kuwait UAE 7:0 (1979 ), Saudi Arabia, Qatar, 7:0 (1979 ), Iraq 7:0 Oman ( 1979)
- Torreichstes tournament: Qatar in 1976 with 84 goals
- Longest Sieglosserie: The Oman remained between 16 March 1974 and 10 March 1988 37 games without a single win.
By the end of the 1970s there was still a large difference between the strong football nations (Iraq, Kuwait) and the supposedly weaker opponents, so it came to high victories over again. From the 1980s, the other nations were able to catch up, however, more and more, among which particularly suffers from the offensive football. Since 1979, no team has won more than six -goal margin more.