Sampooran Singh Kalra ( born August 18, 1936 in Dina, Punjab ), known by his Autorenpseudonym Gulzar (Hindi: गुलज़ार, Gulzar ), is an Indian poet, lyricist, screenplay and dialogue writer, film director and film producer. He works mainly in the Hindi and Urdu.
Sampooran was born as a Sikh in Dina in Jhelum District. His pseudonym " Gulzar " he took when he started to work as an author.
Since the early 1960s, he has been working in the Hindi film industry. For Bimal Roy's Bandini (1963 ), he wrote the song Mora gora ang lai and then as his assistant. 1971, Gulzar made his debut as a director in Mere Apna, a remake of Tapan Sinha's Apanjan from the year 1968. Among his directing credits are found with Khushboo, Kitaab and Namkeen three film adaptations of Bengali literature by Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay and Samaresh Basu. 1980 completed Gulzar after the death of S. Sukhdev documentary filmmaker whose last film Shaira, a documentary about the actress Meena Kumari, who had also played the lead role in Gulzar's Mere Apna. Gulzar's most successful films after Mere Apna were Koshish (1972 ), Parichay (1972 ), Mausam (1975) Aandhi (1975 ), Lekin ... (1990) and Maachis (1996). In addition to screenplays to his own films, he also wrote dialogues for the work of other directors like Hrishikesh Mukherjee's Ashirwad (1968), Asit Sen Khamoshi (1969 ), Shekhar Kapur's Masoom (1982 ) and others. Since the late 1980s, he worked on several projects for the Indian television Doordarshan, with his television series Mirza Ghalib in the title role drew special attention with Naseeruddin Shah.
In his work as a lyricist Gulzar was the most successful. It led to a close collaboration with the composer Rahul Dev Burman, several times he also worked with Sachin Dev Burman, Salil Choudhury, Madan Mohan and AR Rahman.
Gulzar published three volumes of poetry Janam Ek Boond Chand and Kuch Aur Nazme, as well as several books for children, including a version of Panchtantra in verse in Hindi.
He is married to actress Raakhee. Her daughter Meghna Gulzar wrote the biography Because he is ... about her father and works as a film director himself.
Gulzar was nine Filmfare Awards for Best Lyricist, numerous National Film Awards and honored in 2009 with an Academy Award. In 2002 he received a Sahitya Akademi Award for his literary work. In 2004, the Padma Bhushan was awarded to him.