Guy-Crescent Fagon

Guy- Crescent Fagon ( born May 11, 1638 Paris, † March 11, 1718 ) was a French physician and botanist. Its official botanical author abbreviation is " Fagon ".


Guy- Crescent Fagon was the son of Henri Fagon and Louise de La Brosse, a niece of Guy de La Brosse. Early orphaned, he studied medicine and received on December 9, 1664 his doctorate.

He worked on the first large comprehensive about 4000 plants, catalog of the Jardin du roi (Royal Garden ) with, which was published in 1665 by Denis Joncquet († 1671) under the title Hortus Regius in Paris. In the year of publication of the catalog Fagon took the chairs of Botany (up to 1709) and chemicals (up to 1712) of the Jardin du roi.

1680 his son Louis Fagon was born.

Fagon was a doctor of the heir Louis. 1693 he was appointed as successor to Antoine Aquinas ( 1620-1696 ), both personal physician of King Louis XIV and Artistic Director of the Royal Gardens. During his tenure as director of the garden, which lasted until 1708, he expanded the garden by he built several greenhouses, a maze and a small amphitheater. He was largely responsible for the Charles Plumier to the West Indies (1689, 1693 and 1695), Louis Feuillée to Argentina, Chile and Peru ( 1707-1711 ) and Joseph Pitton de Tournefort to Greece, Asia Minor and Armenia ( 1700-1702 ) carried out expeditions.

On February 14 In 1699 he was made an honorary member of the French Academy of Sciences.

In 1701 he survived a then rarely performed lithotomy, which undertook George Mareschal ( 1658-1736 ).


Joseph Pitton de Tournefort named in his honor, the genus of the plant family Fagonia the Jochblattgewächse ( Zygophyllaceae ). Linnaeus later took the name. Charles Plumier named after him, a genus Guidonia, but which was provided by Linnaeus to the genus Samyda.