The Hamdanids (Arabic الحمدانيون, DMG al - Ḥamdāniyūn or بنو حمدان, DMG Banū Hamdan ) were an Arab family, which produced two small dynasties in northern Syria and northern Iraq at the end of the Abbasid period. The dynasties consisted 890-1003.
The dynasty was founded by Hamdan ibn Hamdanids Hamdun, when he was appointed 890 by the Abbasids governor of Mardin in southeastern Anatolia. His son Abdallah ( 904-929 ) has been appointed governor of Mosul in northern Iraq, 906 and 914 dominated even Baghdad. His sons were confirmed by the Abbasids as governor of Mosul and Aleppo.
Hassan Nasir ad-Daula ( 929-968 ) came as governor of Diyarbakir Mossl and increasingly under the influence of the Shiite Buyids, who had won the 945 permanent control of the Abbasid Caliphate and off the influence of Hamdanids in Baghdad. He was dismissed because of his arbitrary rule by their own family. The founded by Hassan Nasir ad-Daula line of Hamdanids ruled after a heavy defeat against the Buyids (979) until 990 in Mosul. Your territory in northern Iraq was shared by the Uqailiden and Marwaniden.
Ali Saif ad-Daula ( 945-967 ) ruled from Aleppo in northern Syria and became the main opponent of the expansion of Byzantium to Syria. His court was the promotion of literature, a center of Arab culture. But after the conquest of Aleppo by Byzantium, the city lost its importance as a cultural center again. To withstand the Byzantine pressure, were Saif ad-Daula 969 to Shia Islam and assumed Aleppo the supremacy of the Fatimids in Egypt. 1003 translated this from the Hamdanids in Aleppo.
Weblink and sources
- Hamdanid Dynasty, articles in the Encyclopædia Britannica Online
- The Encyclopaedia of Islam. New Edition, articles Hamdanids by M. Canard
- History of Syria
- History of Iraq
- Muslim dynasty