Hamilton is a city in Butler County, Südwestohio, United States. In 2000, Hamilton had 60 690 inhabitants. The city is the county seat of Butler County and is located near the metropolitan areas of Cincinnati and Dayton. The town's mayor is Donald Ryan. Most of the city is part of the School District of Hamilton City.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 57.3 km ², of which 56.0 km ² of land and 1.2 km ² omitted ( = 2.13% ) in water.
Hamilton was originally founded in 1794 as Fairfield and then took the name of Fort Hamilton, which had been founded by General Arthur St. Clair and named after U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton. The Generals St. Clair and Richard Butler, the Butler County gave the name, broke 1791 from here to fight against the Indians. Butler was killed in this campaign.
1810 Hamilton was first incorporated by the Ohio General Assembly as a Town, but lost its status in 1815 because the city had held no elections. Together with Rossville on the other bank of the Great Miami River in 1827 it was incorporated again in the St. Clair Township. Both places separated their togetherness, but were reunited in 1854 and in 1857 incorporated as a city. On March 14, 1867, Hamilton withdrew from the townships of Fairfield and St. Clair to form their own township.
In Hamilton, the 1866 built Dixon Globe Opera House -Robinson - Schwenn Building is located. Built 1885-1889 County Courthouse was added because of its architecture in the National Register of Historic Places; The city has three historic districts with buildings dating from around 1900. As Cincinnati was Hamilton's culture and architecture by numerous ethnic German immigrants dominated.
The paper industry, iron works and other manufacturing plants thrived in Hamilton during the first half of the 20th century, mainly by the availability of well-trained workers and a favorable water supply. The Great Miami River and the Miami and Erie Canal offered the industry the transportation of materials and products, but presented a risk for the city is; in the Great Dayton Flood of 1913 Hamilton was one of the most affected cities in Ohio.
In the 1920s, had some criminals from Chicago second homes in Hamilton - the visit of John Dillinger in the city is detected -; so the place acquired the nickname "Little Chicago ". Some of them seem to have invested in the city as a district experienced a thriving supply of gambling and prostitution, under which " Madame Freeze 's" and the brothels at the Wood Street (now Pershing Avenue ) were notorious. During the Second World War the city was because of the exclusion zone for military personnel. Factories in Hamilton produizieren equipment for the armed forces, turrets, machine for Liberty freighters and submarines as well as metal stampings.
When the new Interstate 75 was built in the 1950s, follows the route of the Miami and Erie Canal and bypassed the city. Until 1999, when the Butler County Veterans Highway was built, Hamilton was the second largest city in the United States with no direct connection to the Interstate system.
According to the census of 2000, there were 60 690 people in Hamilton. The population density was 1084.3 people per km ². There were 25 913 residential units, an average of 463.0 per km ². The population consisted of Hamiltons 88.94 % White, 7.55 % African American, 0.29 % Native American, 0.45 % Asian, 0.04 % Pacific Islander, 1.46 % reported other races to belong and 1.28 % from two or more races. 2.58 % of the population to be Hispanic or Latino of any race.
The residents of Hamilton distributed to 24 188 households out of which 31.5% were living in children under 18 years. 45.5 % married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4 % were non-families. 29.3% of households were made up of individuals and someone lived in 11.7 % of all households aged 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size is 3.02.
The population was spread out with 25.8 % under the, 9.8 % 18 -24- year-old, 29.9 % 25 -44- year-old, 20.2% 45-64 year olds and 14.3 % under the age of 65 years or more. The average age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. In the over -18s accounted for 100 women 89.1 males.
The median household income in Hamilton was $ 35,365, and the median family income reached the level of 41 936 U.S. dollars. The average income of men was 32,646 U.S. dollars, compared to 23,850 U.S. dollars for women. The per capita income amounted to 17,493 U.S. dollars. 13.4 % of the population and 10.6 % of families had affected an income below the poverty line, including 18.1 % of minors and 9.8 % of those age 65 or over.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Emery Blades, American rockabilly musician
- Jim Holstein, basketball player for the NBA
- Jack D. Hunter, author
- Fannie Hurst, writer and journalist
- Min Leibrook, Jazz Musicians
- Robert McCloskey, author
- Eugene Donald Millikin, U.S. Senator
- Steve Morse, musician and co-founder of the Dixie Dregs fusion band, guitarist of Deep Purple
- Leonard Nitz, racing cyclist
- Roger Troutman, musicians
- Scott Walker, musician