Hammond is the largest city in Tangipahoa Parish in Louisiana, with 17 639 inhabitants ( 2000). The Southeastern Louisiana University located here. The city was known among other things as a filming location for the television series In the Heat of the Night (1988).
The city is named after Peter Hammond (1797-1870), a Swedish immigrant who settled the first time in 1818 in the region of present-day Hammond, named. He started a tree plantation, which later wooden goods for shipbuilding in Springfield delivered. 1854 Hammond was connected to the railway network. This brought the town great economic success and made it soon became a commercial and transportation center. During the Civil War, Hammond served as a shoe manufacturing center for the Confederacy. After the Civil War, the lighting industry and other businesses settled. In the 20th century several newspaper like the Hammond Daily Courier were founded. Opened in 1953 the famous architect John Desmond, the first group of architects in Hammond. Today, Hammond is located exactly between the two fastest growing cities and Parishes located - New Orleans and Baton Rouge. Hammond is more and more to a new suburb of both cities. But above all, economically adopts this development as noticeable. During major events in New Orleans more and more visitors from the crowded New Orleans soft on hotels in Hammond. Based in Hammond Tangipahoa African American Heritage Museum & Black Veteran Archives is a stage of the Louisiana African American Heritage Trail.
Hammond is located in southeastern Louisiana. The city covers an area of 33.0 km ².
According to the census of 2000 17.639 people live in the city. Of these, 52.43 % White, 45.20 % African American 1.57% Hispanics and Latinos, 0.83 % Asian, 0.16 % Native American and 1.37 % are another or to assign multiple races.
Of the 6251 households have 29.4 % one or more children under age 18 and 34.9 % are married couples.
The average age is 27 years.
The average income per household is at $ 24,067 per family at $ 31,617. 24.9 % of families and 32.8 % of the urban population living below the poverty line.
The city is connected to the national railway network of Amtrak. The today for exploiting dividend in operating historic railway station is one of the local attractions.
- Interstate 12 from Baton Rouge to Slidell
- Interstate 55 from Laplace to Chicago
- U.S. Highway 51
- U.S. Highway 190
- Louisiana Highway 443 ( Morris Road)
- Louisiana Highway 1040 ( Old Baton Rouge Highway)
- Louisiana Highway 1065 (North Cherry Street )
- Louisiana Highway 1067 ( Old Covington Road)
- Louisiana Highway 3158 ( Airport Road )
- Louisiana Highway 3234 ( University Avenue / Ward Line Road; Serves Southeastern Louisiana University)
- Louisiana Highway 3260 ( West Church Street Extension )
- Louisiana Highway 1249
The State Southeastern Louisiana University is based in Hammond. It is the largest employer in the city. Other state institutions are the Hammond High School, Hammond Junior High, East Side Elementary, Westside Elementary, Southeastern Louisiana University Laboratory School and Crystal Academy. The Catholic Church maintains with the Saint Thomas Aquinas High School and the Holy Ghost Catholic School two other educational institutions. Furthermore, the private Trafton Academy resident.