Hand drum

A hand drum is a drum that is usually played by the beating of one or both hands instead of a mere mallet or sticks or other things. One distinguishes the hand held one-handed reels by standing on the ground or hanging in front of the body Two hand drums. The simplest type of hand drum is the frame drum, which consists mostly of one, on one side covered with a tympanic circular frame.

Examples of hand drums

Hand drum is a technical game, but no instrumentenkundliche category. As a hand drum can be used in principle each drum type.

Frame drums

  • Bodhrán is an Irish frame drum.
  • Daf, and Daff, Def, African drum.
  • Daira, also Daire, Dayereh, Doira, from the Balkans to Central Asia popular frame drum.
  • Ghaval is the Azerbaijani frame drum.
  • Tambourine, a simple frame drum, partially combined with jingle- bells on.
  • Tar, in the Orient distributed, with and without tambourine.

Cup drums

  • Darbuka, arabic goblet drum
  • Djembe, a large, semi -covered drum in cup shape, the best known in the West African drum.
  • Ozi, up to three meters long goblet drum in Myanmar.
  • Tombak is the Persian goblet drum made ​​of wood.
  • Zerbaghali is the Afghan goblet drum made ​​of clay.

Tube drums

  • Congas and Bongos are essential Afro-Cuban musical instruments.
  • In Brazilian music the Atabaque is the most famous traditional hand drum.
  • Since the 1980s, the conical Timba plays an important role in Brazil.

Boiler drums

  • Tabla, boiler drum pair in Indian music.


  • Dhadd, in the northern Indian state of Punjab.
  • Idakka, in the southern Indian state of Kerala.
  • Tsuzumi in Japan.
  • Beat the drum