As Handysize ( German as: " Handy size " ) are referred to as bulk cargo carriers and rarely, tankers, which have roughly a load capacity 15000-35000 dwt. Typically, they have a maximum draft of 10 meters and a maximum length of 190 meters and a width of about 28 meters. The specification used for the Baltic Exchange is: Load capacity: 28,000 tons, draft: 9,78 m, 169 m in overall length, 27 m width, four cranes to 30 tons, five cargo holds to 37 523 m³ bulk or 35,762 m³ bales, maximum age of ship: 15 years.
With 2000 registered units with a tonnage of 43 million, the majority are of the bulk freighter on the high seas Handysize. These ships are very flexible, as it allows them their size to start off smaller ports. In most cases, they are equipped with cranes and to record or delete their charge therefore also in ports without a corresponding superstructure. Compared with larger bulk carriers transport handysize cargo a greater variety of types of cargo. These include steel products, grain, ore, phosphates, cement, logs, wood chips, and other bulk cargo. So invite more ' Minor - bulk " cargo compared to larger bulk carriers instead of" Major - bulk " (ore and coal).
Handysize bulk carriers are mainly built by shipyards in Japan, Korea, China, Vietnam, the Philippines and India, although some other countries have the capacity to build such ships. A conventional standard for a handysize cargo ship is about 32,000 tons of cargo weight. He has five holds with hydraulic hatch covers, and four 30 - ton cranes. Sometimes these freighters also have vertical support rods to load logs.
Although some new ships were ordered lately that ships with the highest average age is in the Handysize sector go.