Suchocka ( born April 3, 1946 Pleszew in Poznan ( Poznań) ) is a conservative-liberal Polish politician. The legal scholar from 1992 to 1993, the first female Prime Minister of Poland from 1997 to 2000 Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Poland.
The pharmacist daughter studied law at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan. After her graduation in 1968, she taught until 1990 Constitutional Law at the University of Poznan. She received her Ph.D. 1975. 1985 to 1986 she conducted research at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg. 1988 to 1993 she was a professor at the Catholic University of Lublin.
She joined the block party Stronnictwo Demokratyczne (German Democratic Party) in 1968. From 1980 on she was also active in the opposition Solidarity trade union. In the same year it was for five years the deputies Stronnictwo Demokratyczne in the Polish parliament, the Sejm. In 1982, she agreed there against the abolition of the independent trade unions.
In 1990, she joined the Liberal Party Unia Demokratyczna, later she was a member of the successor party Unia Wolności. In 1989 she became a member of the first freely elected Polish parliament. Until 1997 she was repeatedly re-elected as members of parliament.
From July 1992 to 1993 she was Minister President of Poland. On May 28, 1993, she failed on a vote of no confidence of Solidarity deputies, who did not agree with the accelerated liberalization of the economy. On May 29, the Sejm was dissolved, but they held office until after the election on September 19, to October 17, 1993 in office and was replaced by Waldemar Pawlak.
From 1997 to 2000 it belonged to the government of Prime Minister Jerzy Buzek as Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Poland was. Between 2001 and 2013 she represented Poland as ambassador to the Holy See.
In 2014 she was appointed in the newly created Pontifical Commission for Children and Youth Protection of Pope Francis as a member.