The S-Bahn Hannover is since 2000 one mode of public transport. Focus of the transport network is the Hanover region, the lines extend into neighboring counties ( Celle, Hameln -Pyrmont, Hildesheim, Nienburg and Schaumburg ) and in the state of North Rhine -Westphalia ( districts of Minden- Lübbecke, Hoexter, Paderborn ). The introduction of the S-Bahn rail transport of the Deutsche Bahn was modernized in the Hanover area. For the S -Bahn Hannover has seven lines in regular traffic, two circulating at rush hour Sprinter lines and a demand line. 2011 were promoted by S -Bahn Hannover 30.9 million passengers.
In the city of Hanover, there are at the main station and at other S -Bahn stations interchanges to Hanover Stadtbahn (see transport in Hanover ). The S-Bahn is on the Hanover Stadtbahn the most important mode of transport in the Hannover region. There are also other rail transport with regional express and regional rail trains.
Already in the 1960s, was planned to expand the Hanover transport system of the railway. First, you taught Nahschnellverkehrslinien on the east -west axis and Nienburg Minden - Wunstorf - Hannover - Taught - Celle and between 1965 and 1970 on the Deister train a. Because of a disagreement between federal, state and Greater association remained under further extensions. In 1984 moved the station Seelze as inputs for an extension of the line between Wunstorf and Hanover and newly built with passing loops. On 27 May 1989, the Deister Railway and the line between Hanover and Hameln was operated as a road train every hour.
After Hanover had won the bid for Expo 2000 in 1990, originally for later planned introduction of the S -Bahn was brought forward and signed a development contract between the state of Lower Saxony, the Local Government Association, Greater Hannover and the German Federal Railroad on 12 November 1990. In a relatively short time, the decades virtually unchanged routes have been considerably expanded in and around Hanover. The construction work began in 1993 with the first pile for the new station Hannover, Karl- Wiechert -Allee on the railway line between Hanover and Brunswick, which should produce a link to the light rail.
On the western route from the train station towards Wunstorf two additional tracks were built for the S -Bahn to Seelze from 1994 and put into operation in 1997. Between Seelze and Leinhausen the tracks were north, moved south of the existing line between Leinhausen and central station, where the lines are no longer required freight tracks were used in grove wood and the former main goods station. In Leinhausen arising on extensive Überwerfungsbauwerk, which separates the crossing-free local and long distance traffic in the north and west, while the S- Bahn line from south to north ( or vice versa) the existing line can change. The new S -Bahn station Hannover-Nord city replaced former suburban station Hannover- grove wood.
The route to the north was added to Langenhagen two tracks for the S-Bahn. The station Herrenhausen was replaced by the new S -Bahn station Hannover- Ledeburg. Take a train to Bennemühlen was electrified and to bite the village expanded to double track. The airport Hannover -Langenhagen first time was a rail- based public transport connection over the former freight railway, which raised to a tunnel was completed and electrified under the new Terminal C.
In the east, the distance to the already previously established station Karl- Wiechert -Allee has been extended to a track and put into operation in 1999. Next to Ahlten she received two additional tracks and then up again Taught a track, which were taken in June 2000. This expansion was one of the transport projects " German unity".
To the south was completely redesigned to Bahnhof Hannover built from 1996 between Hanover Bismarck Street and the northern end of the station Hannover- Wülfel an additional track Messe / Laatzen.
A ten- kilometer double-track section were meeting on the Deister Railway between Lemmie and Egestorf behind the railway crossing Weetzen created to avoid waiting at train crossings.
The stations were as necessary accessible rebuilt. Most construction projects were completed in time for Expo 2000, so since then a large network is in Hanover. Due to time and cost reasons, the conversion of some stations before the Expo was not started. On November 1, 2013, the last station (Hannover - Bornum, Empelde and Holtensen / Linderte ) were completed accessible.
After the end of the Expo was a redesign of the route network and normal operation was recorded. The network was on the train to Deister Barsinghausen - extended Haste as well Jump to Hameln - Bad nominal village. These were followed by extensions to Bad Pyrmont and the North Rhine-Westphalian Paderborn. On the section of Bad Pyrmont - Paderborn, the offer looks more like a regional train, only the continuous operation to Hannover making it an S-Bahn.
On December 14, 2008, an extension to three previously propelled as regional rail and regional express lines to Hildesheim and Celle. The Hannover Messe / Laatzen station was it included in the regular network.
The service runs usually in 60 -minute intervals. Wherein S 4 and S 5, the pulse sequence is in each case reduced to a leg on a 30 -minute intervals. By superposition of several S -Bahn is on the main routes in the core region of the network, at least one 30 -minute intervals. The line S 5 runs Sundays on the section in Nordrhein-Westfalen ( Bad Pyrmont - Paderborn ) only in 2 -hour intervals.
With the timetable change in December 2013, two additional lines, the Sprinter Monday to Friday rush hour on two courses, heavily loaded lines S 1, S 2 and S were introduced to supplement 5.
- The S21 runs on the Deister line between Hanover Hbf and Barsinghausen. It holds the road only at the stations Bismarck Street, Linden / Fisherman, Empelde, Weetzen and Wennigsen.
- The S 51 runs between Hannover Hbf and Hamlin holds only traveling in Bismarck Street, Linden / Fisherman and Jump. The extension to Seelze is first planned until June 2014 already " in early April 2014" now take place.
Development of the line network
The operation of the train was taken to the Expo 2000 28 May 2000, with the following lines:
After the end of the Expo 2000 took place on November 5, 2000, the start of regular operation with adapted and extended line guides. The Hannover Messe / Laatzen station no longer belonged to the regular network. In normal traffic five lines were served, an additional demand line wrong at large exhibitions at the Exhibition Grounds Hanover. This connected the airport with the station Messe / Laatzen. On such occasions, the S 4 of Bennemühlen via Hannover Hbf to Messe / Laatzen was performed.
The lines S 4 and S 5 went between Hannover main station and in the train Hameln, in Hanover, the trains were strengthened and weakened. Both lines served not all stations between Linden / Fisherman and Weetzen. The S 5 held between the airport and H -Nord city only in Langenhagen / Center.
With the timetable change on 15 December 2002 there have been changes for the lines S 4 and S 5:
- The line S 4 emitted from Bennemühlen now in Hannover Hbf, the coupling with the S 5 was abandoned.
- The line S 5 was extended beyond Hamelin addition to Bad Pyrmont and since December 2004, with only one tensile member to Paderborn. The line is now served all stations between the airport and H -Nord city and H- Bismarck Road.
In local transport plan for 2008 the Hanover region are proposed further improvements for the S -Bahn Hannover.
The existing network should be made more attractive by additional stations.
- Construction of a breakpoint Waldhausen: A new station on the Hildesheimer Straße to offer Middle closing functions and interchanges for rail. During the construction of the light rail station Döhrener tower in 2004, it has already moved in the direction of train overpass. Negotiations are currently underway with Deutsche Bahn about the realization of this station, for implementation by 2018 seems possible.
- Construction of a breakpoint Braunschweiger Platz: the medium is to be built here a station with connections to rail and bus.
- More stations could in Lohnde, Wunstorf - Barnestraße, Jump Deisterpforte and West Barsinghausen arise. On the part of the city of Hildesheim the establishment of a station in the district Himmelsthür advocated beyond. The city Laatzen could get a station in the amount of Würzburg road.
In a given region of the Hanover report commissioned Prof. Thomas Siefer came to the conclusion that the implementation of expansion plans because of the limited capacity of the rail network in the region would be possible only with considerable financial expenses. The region is therefore expected from the existing network at the invitation of the S- Bahn network in 2010.
The Fahrgastverband PRO BAHN has brought the extension of the S 4 to the Hildesheim Ost train station this week, the district of Celle seeks the establishment of a breakpoint Adelheidsdorf (Great Moor ) to.
Since inception DB Regio Nord operates the S- Bahn network. For the period from December 2012, the network was of the participating PTAs Region Hannover, Lower Saxony state transport company ( LNVG ) and purpose transport association Westfalen -Lippe ( NWL ) announced in Europe. In this case, a 100 % owned subsidiary of DB Regio prevailed over by a competitor, which today operates as an S -Bahn Hannover GmbH.
Especially for the S -Bahn Hannover 40 railcars of type 424 were purchased. These are different from the vehicles of Class 423 through the lower floor height of about 80 cm, by the number of doors and the existing toilets. Although as early as 1998 had begun shipping, the 424 were not yet at the start of the S- Bahn network for Expo 2000 due to technical problems ready for use. The German train therefore had to borrow the later delivered vehicles of the type 423 of the Munich S-Bahn temporarily.
Then there were six vehicles of class 425 ( 425150-425155 ) that have been retrofitted with Vario steps. This is to lower platforms allows access without having to dispense with the barrier-free entrance on high platforms. On the south 5 to Paderborn Hbf this drive coupled with vehicles from the series 424 and from Hameln alone to Paderborn. In this section, lower platforms are available.
2008, the vehicle needs increased by the extension to Hildesheim and so 13 series vehicles were procured 425.2 ( 425271-425283 ), since no new production run of the series 424 was launched.
Since December 2013 an additional nine railcars of the first series of the Series 425 - used - without gap bridging. These trains are marked as non-accessible with a yellow- orange stripes.
In the region of Hannover tariff of Greater traffic Hanover is ( GVH ). Since the network of S -Bahn Hannover extends beyond its tariff area, there is no valid for the entire network of uniform composite rate.
Gradually, the stations were involved in countries surrounding the region of Hanover counties through regional tariffs in the GVH tariff. In the S -Bahn are the district of Schaumburg, Celle district, the district of Hamelin -Pyrmont, and since December 14, 2008 County Nienburg and Hildesheim. There the use of the S-trains with specific GVH - time maps is possible.
For distances outside the GVH range applies to single tickets since June 9, 2013 the Lower tariff. In the S 5 are valid between Luegde and Paderborn, the regional network tariffs " high pin - Tariff" ( Nahverkehrsverbund Paderborn- Hoexter ) and " The Six " (OWL Transport GmbH) and the NRW tariff.