Abbey Hauterive Hauterive
Hauterive (German Hauterive ) is a municipality in the District de la Sarine ( German: Sarine district) of the Canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. Hauterive established on 1 January 2001 through the merger of the previously independent municipalities Ecuvillens and Posieux.
Hauterive located at about 680 m above sea level. M., 8 km southwest of the capital of the canton of Fribourg (air line). The municipality extends to the Molasseplateau between the valleys of the Glane in the west and in the east of the Sarine, in Fribourg plateau.
The area of 11.9 km ² large municipality area includes a portion of the gently undulating Molasseplateaus between the rivers of Glane and Sarine. These rivers have carved over millions of years by erosion deep into the plateau. Especially the Sarine has in this field on a strongly meandering course. The approximately 200 to 500 m wide, flat valley floor is mostly wooded, there is little meadow and pasture. Adjoining a long stretches of sandstone cliffs, criss-crossed, 40 m up to 100 m high escarpment on which merges westward into an undulating plateau.
The municipal boundaries form the west and north of the lower reaches of the Glane, in the east the Sarine. The area includes intermediate from northeast to southwest, the heights of the Bois de Châtillon (up to 620 m above sea level. M. ), Bois de Monterban ( 679 m above sea level. M. ) Le Sapex ( 688 m above sea level. M. ) at Posieux and the plateau of Ecuvillens. In the southwest of the municipality floor extends into the vast forest Bois Cornard and achieved in the Grossa Faita with 722 m above sea level. M. the highest point of Hauterive. From the municipality surface 1997 13 % came from settlements, 30 % of forest and shrubs, 55 % to agriculture and slightly less than 2% was unproductive land.
Hauterive consists of the districts:
- Ecuvillens, 692 m above sea level. M., on the high plateau
- Posieux, 676 m above sea level. M., at the edge of the plateau above the Saanen valley
- Grangeneuve, 634 m above sea level. M., on the Saanen valley
- Hauterive, 579 m above sea level. M., monastic settlement in a loop of the River Sarine
- Le Moulin, 576 meters above sea level. M., in a loop of the River Glane
- Le Faubourg, 695 m above sea level. M., south of Ecuvillens
In addition, many individual farms belong to the community. Neighboring communities of Hauterive are Villars -sur -Glane, Marly, Arconciel, Magnedens, Farvagny, Cottens, Neyruz and Matran.
With 2268 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) Hauterive belongs to the medium-sized municipalities in the canton of Fribourg. Of the 86.5 % inhabitants are French-speaking, German-speaking 9.8 % and 1.0 % speak Italian ( as of 2000). The population of Hauterive amounted in 1900 to 885 inhabitants. During the 20th century, the population fluctuated in the range of 950-1150 residents. Since 1970 (1048 inhabitants) a significant population growth was recorded.
Hauterive was until the second half of the 20th century, a predominantly shaped by the agriculture community. The water power of the Glane was formerly used for the operation of several mills. Even today, the farming, fruit growing, dairy farming and livestock have a certain role in the occupational structure of the population. More jobs are in small local manufacturing and services available. In Hauterive construction companies, the electrical industry, mechanical workshops and cabinetry are represented. The municipal area several gravel pits and quarries (sandstone, tuff ) are exploited.
In the settlement Grangeneuve are the Agricultural Institute of the Canton of Fribourg and since 1974 the Swiss Federal Institute for livestock production, which was renamed in Agroscope Love Field Posieux (ALP ) 2004. In 1949 the airfield was built Ecuvillens.
In recent decades, Hauterive has developed thanks to its attractive location into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in the region of Freiburg.
The community is conveniently moderately well developed. It lies on the old main road from Fribourg to Bulle. The nearest links to the motorway A12 ( Bern- Vevey), which crosses and cuts the village area, located around 4 km from the town center. From 1971, the motorway from Bern Coming ended at Posieux; since 1981 it has been one continuous section.
From 1912 to 1932 Hauterive was also connected by the Trackless train Freiburg- Farvagny to the public transport network, in this case it was the second Swiss trolleybus. She was later replaced by a bus line. Today Posieux and Ecuvillens are served by the bus lines of the Transports publics Fribourgeois that result from Fribourg to Bulle and Fribourg to Rueyres -Saint- Laurent, to the network of public transport.
The territory of Hauterive was inhabited very early, as the numerous rocky outcrops and sandstone rocks suitable over the Sarine and the Glane well as prehistoric settlement points. In Châtillon -sur -Glane was during the Hallstatt period an important trading center. Also from the Roman period are known, some finds.
In the 11th and 12th centuries, the area was the center of the mighty rule of the Lords of Glane, whose castle is likely to locate on the La Vuerda peninsula on the Glane. These gentlemen founded shortly before the expiry of their gender 1132-1137 the monastery Hauterive and equipped it with a rich land. Thus they prevented their area fell to the Zähringers in Freiburg.
The territory of the municipality Hauterive came in 1452 under the rule of Freiburg and the Old Landscape ( Neustadtpanner ) has been assigned. After the collapse of the ancien régime (1798 ) belonged to it during the Helvetic Republic and the subsequent time to the district of Freiburg, before it was incorporated in 1848 with the new cantonal constitution in the Sarine district.
As part of since 2000 sponsored by the Canton of Fribourg municipal mergers, the inhabitants of Ecuvillens and Posieux opted for a merger of their communities. With effect from 1 January 2001, the merger became final. As a new community name Hauterive was chosen as a unifying element and important monastery in the region.
The most important attraction of the village is the monastery Hauterive.