Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is an institute for volcano research and one of the oldest Vulkanobservatorien world. It is located in Hawaii on the crater rim of Kilauea volcano, within sight of the Mauna Loa volcano.
The Institute was founded in 1912 by Thomas A. Jaggar in the wake of the devastating eruption of Mount Pelée in 1902 with the motto " Ne plus haustae aut obrutae Urbes " ( " Never again should cities be destroyed " ) was founded. It is recognized worldwide and is engaged in research in addition to the volcano even with the issues of gas geochemistry, geophysics, geology and seismology.