Hawker Siddeley HS 748
The Avro 748 is a short-range turboprop airliner of the British manufacturer Avro. The all-metal low-wing aircraft has a retractable landing gear and a pressurized cabin. Following the acquisition of Hawker Siddeley Avro by the type was a Hawker Siddeley HS 748 continued to be produced.
- 3.1 stationing locations in Germany
Avro began designing in 1958, when it was decided to return to the civilian market due to the changed military doctrine. The first draft should be a 20 -seat commuter aircraft. Market research revealed, however, that a modern replacement of the Douglas DC-3 would open up with short take-off a market of about 380 machines. This one was in competition for the development even more advanced Fokker F- 27th
After the decision in January 1959 to design the 748 at your own risk, made Hawker Siddeley two prototypes and two static test cells. The draft took this parts from other aircraft. Thus came the pressurization of the Vickers Vanguard and the drive from the Vickers Viscount. The Rolls- Royce Dart engines were doing housed in nacelles on the wings, which yielded sufficient ground clearance for the propeller Rotol. The main landing gear was placed in additional gondolas in front of the wing edge. The machine was designed so that it was independent of ground equipment. So they had hydraulically operated access stairs and self-launch drives. The maiden flight of the Avro 748 ( G- APZV ) took place with Avro Chief Test Pilot James Gordon Harrison on board in Woodford on 24 June 1960. The second prototype (G- ARAY ) followed on 10 April 1961, was then fitted with more powerful engines. They thus served as a prototype for the second series. The first batch of 18 aircraft was delivered to the British Skyways Coach - Air ( three machines), BKS Air Transport (two machines) and Aerolíneas Argentinas. At this time, Avro was acquired by Hawker Siddeley and Hawker Siddeley HS machine and continues to produce 748.
The Series 2 with a higher takeoff weight could be from 1961 sold 198 times. This was followed by smaller series of the type as Series 2A ( 71 pieces) and Series 2B ( 25 pieces). The Avro 748, making it one of the most successful British civil aircraft ever. It was used among others by the Australian and Brazilian air forces.
Seven machines were operated 1975-1994 as a calibration aircraft for radio navigation facilities of the joint flight inspection office of the Federal Agency for Air Traffic Control and the German Air Force. Six flew in 1981 for the German Air Transport Society ( DLT).
A further 89 copies were made as the HAL 748 of the Indian Hindustan Aeronautics under license, where the first machine with test pilot Kapil Bhargava on board had its first flight on November 1 1961. The first four machines of the Series 1 were made from British components, the following 85 of Series 2 completely in India.
For the Royal Air Force, the manufacturer developed a variant with a modified tail and large rear - loading door Hawker Siddeley Andover under the name C Mk1.
Mid -1970s, Hawker Siddeley became part of British Aerospace. The model was then renamed BAe 748 and continued to be built until 1987. More than 100 machines are still in service around the world today, including 60 in the Indian Air Force.
The type names of the variants used by the military see the information on the designation system of British aircraft.
→ Main article BAe ATP
The BAe ATP was created as a further development of the Avro 748 Due to the oil crisis and the increasing aircraft noise was hoped that potential markets for a silent and economical short-haul aircraft.
The model received a lengthened fuselage and greater wingspan. Smaller changes were, among others, the nose and the windows. The Rolls- Royce Dart drives have been replaced with more fuel-efficient Pratt & Whitney Canada PW126 - engines and developed a new propeller.
The BAe ATP, made its maiden flight in August 1986 and was first delivered in 1988. At this time, the market segment, however, was already occupied by the de Havilland Canada Dash 8 and ATR 42, and in 1996 had to be stopped production after 64 copies.
- Royal Australian Air Force 1967-2004
- Royal Australian Navy 1973-2000
- Força Aérea Brasileira 12 1962-2005
- 7 1975-1994, Air Force, together with BFS under civil codes D AFSF to D - AFSJ
- Royal Air Force
Stationing locations in Germany
The seven German machines were stationed at the airbase Lechfeld.
At the 60th Squadron of the RAF flew Germany between October 1971 and early April 1992 some Andover C.1 and CC.2 for connecting flights, they were stationed at RAF Station Wild Rath.