Heemstede ( listen? / I ) is a municipality in the region Zuid -Kennemerland in the Dutch province of North Holland. Heemstede is centrally located in the Triangle Amsterdam, Haarlem and Leiden. The municipality has 26,304 inhabitants ( 1 January 2013) and covers an area of 9.61 km ² (of which 0.15 km ² water).
In New York City (formerly New Amsterdam ), there is a district with a botched form of Heemstede: Hempstead. This site was formerly a colonial branch near Nieuw Amsterdam.
Heemstede is a " bedroom community ", most professionals work as commuters outside. The largest economic sector is the service sector. In Heemstede there are hardly any free land, the city becomes less attractive for young families and is aging. Another issue is the faltering automobile traffic due to lack of continuity and bypass roads.
Around 1290 Reynier van Holy built a castle on the river Spaarne named Heemstede (Home Instead ). From this castle today is not much left, it is called the old castle. In the 14th century the castle was built around a village.
Through donations and purchases the glory Heemstede reached a stretch that included the territory of the present municipality of the same name and the municipality Bennebroek.
In 1620 sold Pieter van Ruytenburgh, Dirck de Vlaming van Oudshoorn and Jacob Bicker their share of Herlichkeit for 36,000 guilders to the Dutch Grand Pensionary Adriaan Pauw. He made the palace his summer residence, built it out and bought an expensive collection of tulip bulbs. He built waterways, a school and a church. Thanks to the clean water to laundries and bleaching factories settled: The laundry of the wealthy citizens of Amsterdam, Haarlem and Leiden was washed, ironed and bleached in Heemstede.
1648 went Pauw as Dutch envoy to the negotiations of the Peace of Westphalia in Münster. After his return he built the Pons Pacis ( Peace Bridge ) over the moat which is still visible today. After his death in 1653 Bennebroek split off as its own glory.
In the 17th and 18th centuries Heemstede became more popular as a summer residence for the rich merchants of the neighboring towns. In the 19th century the French occupation and later the advent of the steam engine managed to significant problems for local laundries: More and more jobs would be lost. In the middle of the 19th century Heemstede has increasingly become a center of flower bulb cultivation. 1850 lived in Heemstede 2332 inhabitants in 285 houses.
The development of the " bedroom community " began in the early 20th century, with the expansion of railway and tramway, 1900-1940 many new houses were built.
Found in Heemstede three times (1925, 1935 and 1953), the national horticultural exhibition held today called Floriade and every 10 years will be held in the Netherlands. Exhibition was the 80 -acre woodland Groenendaal in the south of the church. The football club Racing Club Heemstede was twice Dutch national champion: 1923 and 1953.
Sons and daughters