( Listen / i?) Heerhugowaard ( West Frisian ( dialect group): Heregeweard or De Waard, Low Saxon: army Hugo Weerd ) is a city located evolving village and civil parish in West Friesland, North Holland province, the Netherlands. The total surface of this county is about 39 km ², of which 5 km ² water. It has 52 881 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013).
The municipality consists of the town of the same name and some small towns and villages.
Location and economic
Heerhugowaard is situated in a polder, which was drained in the 17th century. The town has a station on the division of the railway lines Alkmaar - Den Helder and Alkmaar Hoorn. Like the western neighboring community Langedijk it is a suburb 10 km south-west to the Alkmaar.
In Heerhugowaard there are large residential area, where have settled in about 1970 in Alkmaar or in the blast furnace operation of Velsen -working commuters. By the railway is a commercial area where mainly small businesses in many industries have their headquarters. Also, there are still some agriculture.
The marshy but fertile marsh area where the place is now, was in the Middle Ages gradually under the always aufdringende water. Monks of the abbey began Egmonder, 1248, with the construction of dikes to prevent the spread of the lakes. It came between 1250 and about 1550 a long, but not anywhere safe dike between Alkmaar, Hoorn, Enkhuizen, Medemblik, Schagen materialize: the West Frisian Omringdijk ( West Frisian dike area ). In the Eighty Years' War helped even the Spanish enemy, the levees to service by maintenance measures and regulations. Nevertheless, the dike broke south of Heerhugowaard, where at that time was a lake a few times through. Between 1627 and 1631 this was polders, but the founder, under which the rich Alkmaar regent Floris van Teylingen and Nanning van Foreest had to find that the newly reclaimed land did not provide the hoped-for large yield; it was of relatively poor quality. Only in 1866 was the " middenweg " those straight road that intersects each polder in North Holland through the middle, covered with stones. By better fertilization, the position of agriculturists improved. Only after about 1960, the agricultural village developed into the present-day suburb of Alkmaar.
The place has, apart from a few churches, a few interesting monuments. The recreation demand was come to meet through the creation of two recreation areas: Geestmer Ambacht and Blue Loper, both around artificial lakes around. You can surf, swim, fishing, rowing, etc.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Tess Wester ( * 1993), handball national team
Kalisz (Poland )