Half-timbered house in Röthenbach at Herzogenbuchsee
Heimenhausen is a municipality in the Oberaargau the canton of Bern in Switzerland.
On 1 January 2009, the merger of Heimenhausen with Röthenbach at Herzogenbuchsee and Wanzwil the new community Heimenhausen became final.
Heimenhausen is located on 452 m above sea level. M., 2.5 km north of Herzogenbuchsee and 7 km west of the city Langenthal ( straight line ). The former street line village extends on the gravel terrace to the west of the lower Önztals, and south of the Aareniederung, in the Upper Aargau.
The area of 3.2 km ² large municipality area includes a portion of the northern Bernese Mittelland. The area is divided by the parallel streams of Oenz and Seebach ( outflow of Inkwilersees ). While the former has sunk in course of time, a 15 to 20 m deep and 200 m wide valley in the gravel plain, the latter flows on the plateau and deepened gradually until in the far north to the gravel terrace. East of Önztals lies with the Ischlag and the plateau at Schwerzi only a small portion of the municipal area. To the north and northwest, the communal land extending into the vast forests of Grien Grubenwald, Tannhubel and mountain forest. The mountain forest covers a Grundmoränenwall of glacial Rhone glacier and reached 487 m above sea level. M. the highest elevation of Heimenhausen. From the municipality surface 1997 10 % came from settlements, 40 % of forest and woody plants and 50 % to agriculture.
To Heimenhausen include the hamlet Schwerzi (443 m above sea level. M. ) on the plateau east of the Önztals and the localities Wanzwil ( 455 m above sea level. M. ) and Röthenbach at Herzogenbuchsee (462 m above sea level. M. ) west of Önztals.
Neighboring communities of Heimenhausen Since the merger Berken, Digging, Herzogenbuchsee, Niederönz, Inkwil, cheeks Ried and Walliswil in cheeks.
With 1016 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) Heimenhausen one of the small communities of the Canton of Bern. Of the residents 98.5 % are German, 0.7 % speak Serbo-Croatian and 0.2 % French ( as of 2000). The population of Heimenhausen amounted in 1850 to 388 residents in 1900 to 416 inhabitants. During the 20th century, the population increased to 1980 due to strong migration by over 30% to 287 persons. Since then, a significant increase in population was recorded again.
Heimenhausen was until the second half of the 20th century, mainly coined by farming village. Even today, the crop and livestock farming, and forestry have an important place in the economic structure of the population. More jobs are in small local manufacturing and services available, including an operation of the electrical industry. In recent decades, the village has developed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in the region Langenthal - Herzogenbuchsee.
The community is located off of the larger passage axes at a connecting road from Herzogenbuchsee after Berken. The nearest links to the A1 ( Bern- Zurich ) is located approximately 6 km from the town center. By bus, which operates direct flight from Herzogenbuchsee via Wangen an der Aare Farnern, Heimenhausen is connected to the public transport network.
The territory of Heimenhausen was settled very early. So a flat grave from the La Tène period and various residential and path -grooves were found from the Roman period. The first written mention of the village was carried out in 1328 under the name Home Husen. Later, the names Home Husen ( 1347 ) and Heymenshusen published ( 1385 ). The place name is derived from the Old High German personal name Heimo ( a short form of home Walt ) and thus means at the Houses of Heimo.
Since the Middle Ages Heimenhausen was under the Kyburg manorial Herzogenbuchsee and shared their fate. In 1406 the village came under the rule of Bern and the bailiwick of the cheeks and the fact of trial Herzogenbuchsee been assigned. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime (1798 ) Heimenhausen belonged during the Helvetic Republic to the district from 1803 to the cheeks and upper cheeks Office, which received the status of an office district with the new cantonal constitution of 1831. Today there is a close cooperation with neighboring villages in Röthenbach Herzogenbuchsee and Wanzwil, on January 1, 2009, the merger was completed with these communities at the community level.
In the old town and some characteristic farmhouses of the Bernese country style from the 17th to 19th centuries have been preserved. Dating from the 16th century Heidenstöckli is one of the oldest wooden storing the Upper Aargau. Heimenhausen does not own a house of God, it belongs to the parish Herzogenbuchsee.