Hein rock is a municipality with 995 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013 ) in the Tyrolean district of Lienz. The municipality is located in the judicial district of Lienz.
- 3.1 Population structure
- 3.2 Demographics
- 6.1 Workplaces and Employees
- 6.2 Tourism
- 6.3 Education
- 6.4 Transport and Infrastructure
- 6.5 Safety and Health
- 8.1 Honorary ring bearer of the municipality Heinfels
- 8.2 honorary citizen of the community Heinfels
Hein rock lies at the confluence of the Drava with the Villgratenbach in 1078 m above sea level. A., the municipality covers parts of the Drava valley and the lower Villgraten Valley. To the north lie within the municipality the sunny side slopes of the mountains below the Villgrater Tessenberg Berger Lake, in the south there is the to the Carnic Alps belonging, shady side Kaserbachtal. The highest point of the municipality is the Hollbrucker Eck ( 2573 m above sea level. A. ), the lowest point of the municipality is located in the area of the river Drava at the municipal border with roads in around 1069 m above sea level. A.. Neighboring communities of Heinfels Sillian are in the West, Außervillgraten in the north, roads to the east and Kartitsch in the southeast.
The community Hein rock consists of the cadastral Panzendorf in the western municipality and Tessenberg in the northeastern municipality, which is Panzendorf with a size of 866.91 acres significantly greater than Tessenberg with 589.35 hectares. Panzendorf comprised 2001 765 people and 223 buildings, Tessenberg 232 people and 67 buildings.
The cadastral Panzendorf the village Panzendorf is up to 1078 m above sea level. A. the main settlement. It is located on the left and right banks of Villgratenbaches before the confluence with the Drava, wherein between the lying almost exclusively on the left bank of the district Villgratenbaches Panzendorf and southerly, the newer settlement areas Aue and Blumaue is distinguished. Above and to the north of Panzendorf the Hein Castle Rock also joins, northwest of the hamlet of Castle Mill on both sides of Villgratenbaches. Also a newer settlement area is the settlement Behind Hein rock at 1200 m above sea level. A., to the north, the location on the sunny side slopes scattered settlement Hein rock mountain 1,150 meters above sea level. A. connects. Within the scattered settlement of the west of the Gaisbaches located Rotten Rain and Huben and the easternmost group of houses of Rießerhöfe be distinguished. West of Panzendorf however, is the farmstead Faider. South of Panzendorf or south of the Drava lies with the rotting Rabland also a development area, to the south connects the farmstead carbon Lechen. Also in the area of the shadow side of the valley on the border with Sillian or west of the hamlet Gschwendt Kaser creek lies on 1207 m above sea level. A..
The cadastral Tessenberg the village Tessenberg is the only settlement. Just north of Tessenberg is located on the sunny slopes of the small rotting upper mountain. In addition, the easily located outside the village of St. John's Church and the Alpengasthaus Tessenberg Berger Almrast to Tessenberg heard.
The Drava is in the municipality of Heinfels only able to form a narrow valley, in the north of the Villgratenbach opens. This also forms the eastern boundary of the municipality Außervillgraten. In the Villgratenbach lead in the municipality which extends westward streams evil and Tiefenbach, the Tiefenbach also marks the northern boundary to Außervillgraten. In addition, the running from north to south Gaisbach drained shortly before it flows into the Villgratenbach, where Panzendorf was built on the alluvial fan of Villgratenbach and Gaisbach. Tessenberg is, however, on the alluvial fan of the Tessenberg creek, which flows into the Drava. The highest elevation in the north of the municipality in the area of Villgrater mountains is the Glinzzipf with the Tessenberg Berger lake at 2126 m above sea level. A..
In the south of the municipality Heinfels includes only the sums running from south to north Kaserbachtal, at the southern extension of the Hollbrucker corner with 2573 m above sea level. A. lies. The Kaserbach empties into the springing in the municipality of Sillian Sägebach which opens at Rabaland in the Drava.
In the 6th and 7th centuries fell within the field of rock Hein repeatedly Slavs and Avars one. The region was Christianized under the Bavarian Duke Tassilo III. He also created the village name Tessenberg is derived. Tessenperch was first documented in 1266 and 1300 will be the first time the mention of a court in the territory of Meier Panzendorf. The community itself has been cited only Ponzendorf 1364. The name of the community, Hein Rock, however, comes from the local Castle Hein Rock, whose creation of the legend is attributed by the Huns. In fact, it should however be at the castle for a foundation of the Avars. From the name Hunnenvels was over the centuries eventually Hein rock.
1974 was created by merging the municipalities Panzendorf and Tessenberg the community Hein rock.
Since 1991, a partnership with the community Oberderdingen (Baden- Württemberg, the district of Karlsruhe ).
2012 lived 1,007 people in the community Hein rock. According to the 2001 census the end 98.2% of the population were Austrian citizens (Tirol: 90.6 % ) until the beginning of 2012 the value dropped only slightly to 96.1 %. (Tirol: 83.4 %) to the Roman Catholic Church in 2001, 98.5 % of the population known, 0.7 % were Protestant, 0.2 % had no religious affiliation.
The average age of the municipality 's population in 2001 was well below the national average. 25.5 % of residents of Hein rock were younger than 15 years ( Tirol: 18.4%), 58.5 % from 15 to 59 years old (Tirol: 63.0 %). The percentage of residents over 59 stood at 16.0 % below the national average of 18.6 %. The average age of the population of Heinfels subsequently rose significantly. The proportion of under-15s fell by 1 January 2012 to 16.9%, while the share of people between 15 and 59 years rose to 66.6 %. The proportion of 59 -year-olds rose slightly to 16.5%. Marital status in 2001 50.4 % of the residents of Hein rock were single, 44.4 % married, widowed, 3.7% divorced and 1.5%.
The population of the municipal territory of today's rock Hein varied greatly between the second half of the 19th century and the 1930s, which at the 1880 census, 624 people with a temporary peak was reached. By 1900, the population but dropped to only 482 inhabitants, to then fall from census to census again or to rise. In 1934 there were 549 people in Heinfels with around 10% more than in the census in 1869, with subsequently hired an almost continuous population growth. Only in the 1950s stagnated, the population, the highest increases recorded Heinfels 1971-2001. During this period, the municipality had a consistently positive birth rate 9-14 % and was from 1971 to 1991 also has a positive migration balance of 5 to 10% recorded. Only in the 1990s, the church lost more residents through migration as a treat injuries sustained. During the first decade of the 21st century, the population stagnated at a high level, with the beginning of 2006 with 1036 inhabitants, the highest level was registered. However, the positive birth rate was a predominantly negative migration balance with.
Coat of arms
The black battlements in the arms of the municipality indicate the Castle Hein Rock, which stands for the community name Pate. The golden lion, the heraldic animal of the Counts of Gorizia, tells of its former dominion.
Culture and sights
Workplaces and employees
The study conducted as part of the Census Census of 2001 resulted in Heinfels 38 workplaces with 616 employees (excluding agriculture ), where 95 % were salaried employees. The number of workplaces showed a rise over the 1991 to ten companies ( plus 36% ), the number of employees, however, by 10 people (2 %) declined. The most important industry was 2001, the manufacturing sector with five companies and 419 employees ( 68 % of employees in Hein rock). The largest number of farms was found, however, with nine companies in the construction industry, where 51 persons were employed (8 % of the workforce ). In addition, also played with the trade seven workplaces and 69 employees ( 11% of all employees ) play an important role. In Hein rock is a branch of the company EGO from Oberderdingen (Baden- Württemberg, Germany ). A few years ago, originally from South Tyrol biscuit and wafer manufacturer Loacker built a plant in Heinfels. Furthermore, an automobile operation, a carpenter, a furniture store and home to an agricultural machinery company in Hein rock. In the center there is a supermarket and a shopping center. The mailing center of the post office was moved to 9920 Sillian Heinfels.
Of the 388 employed residents of Hein rock went in 2001 139 people in Heinfels after their employment. 249 had to commute to work. Of the 29% of commuters had their place of work in neighboring Sillian and 24% in the metropolitan area of Lienz. A further 22 % were found in the rest of the district area a job, another 12 or 7% commuted to North Tyrol or in another state, 14 of the inhabitants had to commute abroad. In return, 2001 478 people commuted into the municipality, which Hein rock was one of the few communities in East Tyrol with a positive acquisition of commuters. The vast number of commuters came here from the municipalities of Val Pusteria and the Villgraten Valley and from Lienz.
Tourism in Hein rock has an average economic importance, the tourism intensity is located in the section of the district area, the number of overnight stays, however, are among the highest of Val Pusteria, for the community. Hein rock was about 40,000 overnight stays include tourism year 2011/12. In the summer half of 2012 saw Heinfels 19 721, in the winter of 2011/12, 20,272 nights. Both for the winter season, as well as for the summer season saw Hein rock since the turn of the millennium sharp decline in overnight stays and lost about a third of his nights in the last decade. The municipality belongs, like all other communities Osttiroler for Tourism East Tyrol, where Hein rock is organized in the " holiday region Alta Pusteria ".
A regular school is in Panzendorf occupied since 1804, the lessons took place until 1837 in Rock Castle Hein. The first school building burned down in 1902, the new building in 1938 suffered the same fate. The still existing school building was erected in 1939 as the previous building on the castle hill near the church and renovated in 1988-1989 and expanded and equipped with a gymnasium. The elementary school that bears the name of the elementary school Hein rock since 1974, was led zweiklassig 1948-1988, from the autumn of 1988 there were three classes, from the fall of 2000, even four classes. In Tessenberg the lesson was, however, a long time by the chaplain at the local parsonage. A private school building existed only since 1923. 1976 the school was moved to the extended former parish hall, the building between 1993 and 1994 was again rebuilt and expanded. Since then, the school is run zweiklassig partly in a special school organization. The community Hein rock belongs to the catchment area of the main school Sillian. For further schooling the children of Heinfels also the Gymnasium, the Business Academy or the Higher Technical Institute in Lienz can visit. The kindergarten of the municipality in 1974 housed in the community center and in 1996 expanded to two groups. The nursery is open three days a week in the afternoons and is closed during the school holidays.
Transport and Infrastructure
Hein rock will transport links from the Drau Valley road (B 100) connected to the regional and national road network, the Drau valley road connects the town with Lienz in the East and in the West Sillian. For the development of the municipality especially the Tessenberg Straße ( L325 ) of importance, the Hein rock or Panzendorf of the Drau valley road, starting with Tessenberg and roads linking is on the sunny side of Val Pusteria. Furthermore, the beginning of the Villgratentalstraße extends beyond the municipal area of Hein Hein combines rock and rock / Panzendorf with the Villgratental or the communities Außervillgraten and Innervillgraten.
Hein rock belongs to the Abwasserverband Upper Pusteria. The Wastewater Association operates in Anras a 1990 put into operation in wastewater treatment plant that cleans the wastewater in eight municipalities and as its receiving the Drava uses. The channeling of community Hein rock was already completed in 2002 except for a few individual objects, in this year, the 290 wastewater producing objects were connected to 92 % of the sewage system and the sewage treatment plant. The waste produced in the community, is disposed of in the Waste Management Association East Tyrol ( AWVO ).
Health and Safety
There are a volunteer fire department, both in the district and in Panzendorf Tessenberg In Hein rock. The volunteer fire department Tessenberg was founded in 1909. Only in 1935 was the first motor-driven pump are purchased, in 1974 received the fire for the first time a small fire engine of the brand Ford Transit. The 1959 built and repeatedly expanded fire station houses a vehicle and trailer parking, a hose tower, a control room with Florian station and a respiratory protection and equipment room. The FF Tessenberg has a fire engine and a portable pump trailer. The volunteer fire department Panzendorf was founded on October 28, 1906, with a fire in the elementary school Hein rock in 1938 destroyed all records of the FF Panzendorf. Situated on the Villgratenbach firehouse is home to a team transport vehicle, a small fire truck and a fire truck. Regarding the health care system is Heinfels jointly organized with the communities Außervillgraten, Innervillgraten, Sillian, roads, Kartitsch, Obertillach and Untertilliach in Sozialsprengel East Tyrolean Oberland. In Health Care Ward for example health services such as nursing assistance, home and domestic help, palliative care and family support services are organized.
Clubs and organizations
- Volunteer fire department in the district Panzendorf
- Volunteer fire department in the district Tessenberg
- Fire brigade of the company E.G.O. Austria
- Band Heinfels
- Mixed choir club Heinfels
- Church choir Tessenberg
- Customs group Heinfels
- Rural youth organizations ( Tessenberg and Panzendorf )
- Catholic Church organizations ( Tessenberg and Panzendorf )
- Gymnastic and sporting Union Heinfels
- Ski Club Alta Pusteria
- Senior group Heinfels
Honorary ring bearer of the municipality Heinfels
After the date of the award (by date): Johann Pitterl, VD Johann Auer, Anton Webhofer, Heinz Treffinger, Kom Council Ing Alfons Pucher, Franz Kofler, Ing Karl Fischer, Johann Riedler
Honorary Citizen of the Municipality Heinfels
Heinz Treffinger, Herbert Aichner, Kom Council Ing Alfons Pucher, Franz Kofler, Peter Wierer, Peter Kofler, Cons. Anton Libiseller