And situated in the city of Salzburg Hellbrunn is a in the early 17th century based, mannerist pleasure palace with famous fountains in the same landscape area and south of the district Morzg. Lined the castle of sprawling landscape architecturally planned parks. Part of the historic castle park is now used by the Salzburg Zoo. The total investment, including horticulture monuments is 102838! Conservation.
Markus Sittikus von Hohenems in 1612 was elected Archbishop of Salzburg. From 1613 to 1615 he built on the outskirts of the city of Salzburg with the involvement of a late gothic stately home where a villa suburbana Italian style. The architect was Santino Solari, who was also charged with the construction of the Salzburg Cathedral. The ballroom is (presumably by Arsenio Mascagni ) painted on the walls and the vaulted ceiling with allegorical representations entirely rich. Noteworthy are on the octagon, fish room, bird room and corner. To the closed courtyard around outbuildings are arranged symmetrically. The castle forms, together with the access road from the east along the eastern side and the Fürstenweg (now the Alpine Road, crossing ) is a far -reaching into the landscape lock axis.
The water games
The world's best preserved water games of the late Renaissance with numerous water jokes and various moving figures and numerous sculptures decorated caves can be admired here: The Theatrum (Roman theater) with Prince table and ponds, the Orpheus Cave, the wine cellar, the star pond along with the fountain Altembs with Perseus, Neptune's grotto ( rain cave), the mirror, shells, Vogelsang and ruin cave ( in the castle ), the Venus Grotto, fools and wild boar statues ibex grotto and the fountain of the goddess Diana, who mydas and crown grotto and the Fountain of Neptune. From 1749 to 1752 has been added under Archbishop Andreas Jakob von Dietrich stone to the ancient fountains, the artful " Mechanical theater ".
The Mannerist ornamental garden
The spacious ornamental gardens of the "Water Parterre" is freely accessible. This ornamental garden forms with the Spruce Avenue a landscape axis, which is aligned over the Salzach river to the castle Goldstein way. It consists of a geometrically designed main pond with a central island, which is the central focus of the park and on the originally arose a strawberry mountain. On both sides of this pond symmetrical two other pools are designed ( pond ). Various statues, ornaments and architectural book pruned tree-lined avenues enrich the geometric Lustgarten.
The hunting garden and the Hellbrunn Mountain
See also Main article Hellbrunn Mountain
Here are today
- The large meadows east of the mountain, which were part of the archiepiscopal hunting gate up in the 1800s period,
- The lawn,
- Of children 's playground
- And the Hellbrunn Mountain with the Monatsschlösschen
- And the stone theater.
The Monatsschlössl ( originally called Waldems - castle ) was built in 1615 and overlooks the Hellbrunn Mountain at the center of the ornamental garden. In this castle now houses the Salzburg Folk Museum. A unique feature is the fully carved out of the conglomerate rock romantic stone theater at Hellbrunn Mountain. It was here in 1617 probably the first opera performance in Central Europe instead, namely L' Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi.
The sacred Park
As a counterpoint to the princely magnificent pleasure garden ( in the far north of the park created) built by the Archbishop in the extreme south of the castle park in the spirit of the Capuchin Order of St. Francis and in the spirit of his uncle, St. Carlo Borromeo, a sacred wilderness gardens above the age brook be found in the form of a Calvary, in which various sculptures of hermits, (which the Calvary chapels devoutly admired ) and a "real" hermitage were. The wilderness as opposed to the feudal- consuming Lustgarten should it symbolize the natural divine creation. The prayer should not be disturbed by worldly pomp. Of these sacred monuments today only a few foundations remain. But conserves the near-natural unspoilt wilderness garden around the Anifer Alterbach as an independent part of the historic Castle Park.
The surrounding landscape Hellbrunn Garden
Also unique is the well-preserved surrounding countryside space: The Hellbrunn Alley, the oldest avenue in central Europe (probably even the world's oldest surviving Avenue), which Markus Sittikus 1614/1615 could create in the spirit of the late Renaissance in the axis to the moated castle Freisaal, be extended, the princely garden far out into the countryside and manifests the absolute claim to power of the young prince.
The old lime avenue (called " Fürstenweg " ) marks the Salzach - also long striding into the landscape - the axis of the castle building and the star pond.
The garden axis starts at a statue of Diana and runs over the ornamental garden, the garden and behind it hunting over the Salzach to the castle Goldstein beyond the Salzach.
Pictures and quotes
"What are you, lush meadows and shining waters lookest here to rolling hills, has Markus Sittikus, Archbishop of Salzburg and sovereign, admiring, girds the neglected gifts of nature without pity with walls adorned with theaters; out of a swamp, he collected all the different sources and dedicated it to the beloved posterity 1613. "
" Oh, what a paradise on earth! The garden: a maze of water, a game of the naiads, a theater of flowers, an arena of roving glance ends, Capitol of the statues, Museum of the Graces, a plethora of reason full Erschauens in the cheerful inspection! Oh sweet solitude! Oh mysterious, only a king worthy of the woods! In such forests, I lose myself, more so than in a maze. Only I have no words to describe it all. In the waters I find Venice embodies, but as it were summarized in the artificial constructions Rome. "
Rear view of the castle
Christmas market at Schloss Hellbrunn
Water Games: The Roman Theatre with the Prince table
The Roman Theatre at night
The small grotto