Henri-Jean Guillaume Martin

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin ( born August 2, 1860 in Toulouse, France, † November 12, 1943 in Labastide -du -Vert, France) was a French Impressionist painter.


Henri Martin enjoyed great popularity as a painter in his lifetime, although his work is not considered a neo- impressionist as groundbreaking. With his works he exercised influence on various art movements and their representatives - by primitivism about Divisionists up to the symbolism. Over time, developed a unique painting style, which introduced the design of color in the foreground, with a more impressionistic brushwork, which he had come to the fore in the image segmentation increasingly open spaces.


Henri Martin ( Henri -Jean Guillaume Martin ) was the son of a carpenter Toulouse. His mother was of Italian descent. Martin was able to convince his father to become an artist and studied from 1877 at the Toulouse Academy of Fine Arts ( École supérieure des beaux -arts de Toulouse) under Jules Garipuy. 1879 Henri Martin could go Thanks to a scholarship to Paris and study under Jean -Paul Laurens. Just four years later he received his first medal at the Paris Salon.

1885 Martin received a scholarship for a study tour of Italy, where he studied the works of old masters such as Giotto or Masaccio together with Edmond Aman -Jean and Ernest Laurent, where he developed his own style, which was characterized by short brush strokes.

In 1886 he was able to realize his first exhibition at the Paris Salon in 1889, where he received a pointillist painting the gold medal. In the same year he became a member of the Legion of Honour. As a Neo -Impressionist, he painted unusually large images and reaped so in 1896 with a solo exhibition at the gallery in Paris Mancini great acclaim. He received commissions for murals for the Paris City Hall (1895 ) or the Capitol in Toulouse ( 1903/1906 ) and won at the World Exhibition of 1900 for his work the big prize. At that time he also joined friendship with Auguste Rodin.

Since he was a rather introverted person, Martin finally decided to move away from Paris. After searching for years for the ideal location, he bought a house in Marquayrol, La Bastide du Vert surveyed in Cahors. In this new, peaceful environment he created his best works, and died there in 1943.