Henry De Lamar Clayton, Jr.

Henry De Lamar Clayton, Jr. ( * February 10, 1857 in Clayton, Alabama, † December 21, 1929 in Montgomery, Alabama) was an American lawyer and politician (Democratic Party). He was the brother of Congressman Bertram Tracy Clayton from New York.


Henry De Lamar Clayton, Jr. visited the community school. He graduated in 1877 at the Literary Department of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa and 1878 at the Law Department. He was admitted as a solicitor in the last year and then began to practice in Clayton. He moved in 1880 to Eufaula, where he continued his activities as a lawyer.

Clayton also pursued a political career. He was 1890 and 1891 a member of the House of Representatives from Alabama over the years. Then he worked 1893-1896 as United States Attorney for the Middle District of Alabama. Clayton was elected to the 55th U.S. Congress and reelected to the eight succeeding U.S. Congresses. He remained in the U.S. House of Representatives from March 4, 1897 until his resignation on 25 May 1914. Then he moved to Montgomery, where he took up the position as a judge at the Federal District Court for the Middle and Northern District of Alabama, he 's up to death held. During the time in the U.S. Congress, he had presided over the Committee on the Judiciary ( 62nd and 63rd U.S. Congress ) and 1908 the Democratic National Convention. Then he was in 1914 one of the sponsors of the Clayton Antitrust Acts, who spoke out against the restriction of the market by market power. He also directed the 1905 impeachment of Charles Swayne, judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida, and in 1912 against Robert Wodrow Archbald, Judge of the United States Commerce Court

Clayton was appointed to the U.S. Senate, there to fill the vacancy that was created by the death of Joseph F. Johnston; However, his appointment was challenged and subsequently withdrawn. He died in 1929 in Montgomery; his body was then transferred to Eufaula, where he was buried in the Fairview Cemetery.