Lemoine, a pupil of Anton Reicha, worked as a successful piano teacher in Paris. In 1816 he took over from his father Antoine -Marcel Lemoine in the music publishing, the latter had founded in 1772 and still exists today under the name of Editions Henry Lemoine.
Lemoine was the publisher Frederic Chopin. In 1844 he published Hector Berlioz's Traité d' orchestration. With Ferdinando Carulli he published a solfege textbook on Adolphe Danhauser Solfège of Solfèges based, which is still published in many editions in 10 million copies.
In addition, Lemoine composed a number of works of music education (including Études infantines ), an extensive collection of piano pieces called Bagatelles and Recreations musicales. His Méthode et des études de piano is still in use today.
1850 Lemoine blind and handed over the reins of his music publishing company to his son Achille Lemoine.