Henry M. Jackson
Henry Martin " Scoop" Jackson ( born May 31, 1912 in Everett, Washington, † September 1, 1983 ) was an American politician who represented the state of Washington in both chambers of the U.S. Congress. Jackson got his nickname " Scoop" of a comic book character, was told by the that they look like him.
Life and political career
Henry Jackson graduated from Stanford University with a Bachelor and studied law at the University of Washington. In 1935, he received his degree and practiced as a lawyer in Everett. He was immediately successful and 1938-1940 prosecutor in Snohomish County.
In 1940 he successfully ran as a Democrat for a seat in the House of Representatives of the United States. On January 3, 1941, he took this mandate true. Since that day, Jackson lost no more choice for Congress. In 1945, he participated as a member of the American delegation to participate in the International Maritime Conference in Copenhagen in 1946 and elected its chairman, as the conference was held in Seattle. From 1945 to 1947 he was also Chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs. In the 1952 election, he gave up his seat on the House of Representatives to run for a seat in the U.S. Senate. He won the election against the Republican incumbent Harry P. Cain and spent the next 30 years, Senator; at its five re- elections he always scored share of the vote 67-82 percent. In 1963 he became chairman of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. He held until 1977 This item; then he chaired the products resulting from such Committee Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.
Jackson was not only successful as a politician for the state of Washington, but also found recognition at the national level, leading to the chairmanship of the Democratic National Committee in 1960. However, he did not receive the necessary support when he 1972 and 1976 unsuccessfully attempted to become Democratic presidential candidate.
Jackson was often criticized for close ties to the defense industry his state. His opponents called him often as " the Senator from Boeing " because he had close contacts with the company.
Jackson died in 1983 in Everett and was buried there in the Evergreen Cemetery. In his memory, the University of Washington has designated a department when Jackson School of International Studies. The United States Navy named a submarine strategic missile with the Ohio - class after him, the USS Henry M. Jackson (SSBN-730), as he had for many years supported the military. 1998, a school was named after him in Mill Creek.
1984 Jackson was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
The Henry M. Jackson Wilderness in Washington state was named after him.