Henry Southard ( born October 7, 1747 in Hempstead, New York, † May 22 1842 in Basking Ridge, New Jersey ) was an American politician. Between 1801 and 1821 he represented twice the State of New Jersey in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Henry Southard attended the common schools and in Basking Ridge, where he had moved in 1755 with his parents. He then worked on a farm. During the Revolutionary War he served first as a private and later as a teamster in the Continental Army. After the war, Southard operated again in agriculture. From 1787 to 1792 he served as a justice of the peace in his home. End of the 1790s he became a member of, founded by Thomas Jefferson Democratic- Republican Party. Between 1797 and 1799, and again in 1811 he was a member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
The New Jersey State far discharged congressional elections of 1800 Southard was for the fifth seat of his state in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Franklin Davenport on March 4, 1801. After four elections he was initially able to complete five legislative sessions in Congress until March 3, 1811. From 1809 to 1811 he was chairman of the Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business. In his first term as congressman in 1803 by President Jefferson incurred Louisiana Purchase and the establishment in 1804, the ratification of the Twelfth Amendment, fell.
In 1814, Southard was selected in the fourth district of New Jersey as the successor of Richard Stockton again in Congress, where he was able to complete in 1821 three other legislative periods between 4 March 1815 and 3 March. After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives he returned to farming. He died on 22 May 1842 in Basking Ridge at the age of 94 years. Two of his sons struck a political careers. So sat Isaac Southard (1783-1850) also for New Jersey in Congress. His brother Samuel (1787-1842) was, among other U.S. Senator, Secretary of the Navy of the United States and governor of New Jersey.