Herb Gray

Herbert Eser " Herb" Gray PC CC QC ( born May 25, 1931 in Windsor, Ontario ) is a Canadian lawyer and politician of the Liberal Party of Canada, the over 39 years Member of the House of Commons and minister several times and sometimes vice - prime minister and currently Chancellor of Carleton University is.


Lawyer, Member of the House of Commons and Minister

After visiting the Kennedy Collegiate Institute Gray holds a degree in Economics from McGill University in Montreal, where he graduated in 1952 with a Bachelor of Commerce ( B.Comm. ). A subsequent study of law at Osgoode Hall Law School of York University in Toronto, he finished with a Bachelor of Laws ( LL.B. ). After graduating, he took up a career as a lawyer.

In the general election on June 18, 1962 Gray was first elected as a candidate of the Liberal Party to the deputies in the lower house and occupied this position until his mandate waiver on January 15, 2002, more than 39 years on, first as a representative of the constituency of Essex West and since the last general election of 25 June 1968 the constituency of West Windsor. Early in his career, he was Member of 18 January 1966 to April 23, 1968 Chairman of the Standing Committee on Finance, Trade and Economic Affairs and took over on August 30, 1968 his first government post as parliamentary secretary to Minister of Finance.

Subsequently, he was first appointed on 20 October 1969 by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau as Minister without Portfolio in the 20th Canadian Cabinet, in which he took over the office of the Minister of National Income on 24 September 1970. As part of a new government reshuffle Gray took over on 27 November 1972, the Office of the Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs and kept this ministerial position until 7 August 1974.

After several years of no government official held Gray was appointed by Prime Minister Trudeau in the 22 Government of Canada on 3 March 1980, first as minister of industry, trade and commerce, and then from 12 January to 29 September 1982 as Minister regional economic expansion. Subsequently, he was on September 30, 1982 President of the Treasury and remained in this position from June 30 to September 16, 1984, in the formed of Trudeau's successor, John Turner short-lived 23 Government of Canada. He was most recently between 1981 and 1984 also responsible regional cabinet minister for the province of Ontario.

Group Chairman and Vice - Prime Minister

After the electoral defeat of the Liberal Party in the general election, 4 September 1984 Gray was on 18 September 1984 as Chairman of the Liberal Party Leader of the Opposition in the House ( Opposition House Leader) and held this position until February 7, 1990. Most recently, he was in this period from 1 January 1989 to 7 February 1990, Vice - Chairman of the Liberal Party and thus Deputy party leader John Turner. Following the resignation Turner as party leader he was on February 8, 1990 Executive Leader of the Opposition and remained in this position until his replacement by Jean Chrétien on 20 December 1990.

After he was between January 1991 and November 1993 Speaker of the liberal opposition of Finance in the House, Gray was after the election victory of the Liberal Party in the general election of 25 October 1993 re- group chairman and as such was now up to the April 27, 1997 Chairman of the ruling party in the House ( Leader of the Government in the House of Commons ). At the same time he was appointed by Jean Chretien, who was after the electoral success of new Prime Minister and the Cabinet of Canada 26 formed, initially until June 10, 1997 Solicitor General.

Following Gray, who also re competent Regional Minister for the province of Ontario was between November 1993 and 2003, succeeding Sheila Copps from 11 June 1997 until his replacement by John Manley on 14 January 2002 Deputy Prime Minister in Chrétien's government was. He has also served March 12, 1998 until January 14, 2002, as minister responsible for the Canada Millennium office. Between 1997 and 2002, and again Vice - Chairman of the Liberal Party.

On 15 January 2002 he resigned his government offices and the House mandate and was Chairman of the Canadian branch of the International Joint Commission, a binational organization of the United States and Canada regarding the boundaries and boundary waters between the two countries.

Due to decades of political and legal merits Gray, who also has a Doctor of Laws ( LL.D. ) honoris causa, was appointed on 8 May 2003 Companion of the Order of Canada. In 2004 he was also Honorary Colonel of 21 Windsor Service Battalion.

Since 2008 he is the successor of Marc Garneau as Chancellor of Carleton University.


  • Foreign direct investment in Canada, Ottawa, Information Canada, 1972
  • Investissements étrangers directs au Canada, Ottawa, Information Canada, 1972
  • Views on the Arab boycott and its implications for Canada, co-editor Phil Tree and Howard Stanislawski, Ottawa, 1976