Herma Bauma got so far the only gold medal for Austria in an athletics competition at the Olympic Games.
Bauma began with 16 years with the Athletics training, first in the sprint and high jump and long jump. By chance she came to the javelin throw and became the age of 16 Austrian Champion. 1934 Herma Bauma was second with 40.30 m at the Women's World Games. In 1936 she qualified with a new European record of 45.71 m for the Olympic Games in Berlin, where she missed the bronze medal by ten centimeters with 41.66 m.
At the Olympic Games in London in 1948, she was with 45.57 m Olympic champion. Furthermore, they presented twice a new world record (1947 and 1948 48,21 m 48,63 m). In 1950, she won with 43.87 m at the European Championships in Brussels the silver medal. After the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki, where she finished ninth with 42.54 m, she ended her sports career.
From 1931 to 1952 she won 15 Austrian Championship title in the javelin, of which three ( 1941-1943 ) during the time of the Anschluss to the Third Reich. 14 times they improved the Austrian record in the javelin throw of 36.31 m (1931 ) to 48.63 m ( 1948). Her last record was surpassed as the Austrian record in 1959 by Erika Strasser with 48,99 m. 1932, 1933 and 1947, Herma Bauma Austrian Champion in the pentathlon.
As handball it was for many years the Austrian national team. In 1949 she was awarded the Vice World Champion team in the field handball.
Until her retirement in 1977, she headed the National Sports Centre South City, near Vienna. It rests in an honorary dedicated grave in the West Cemetery (Group 3, number 19) in Vienna.
In 1996, she received the Golden Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria.
In 2006 in Vienna Landstrasse ( 3rd District ) was the Herma Bauma alley named after her.