Hermann Billung (* 900/912 in Harms ouden Dorp at Hermannsburg, † March 27 973 in Quedlinburg ) from the Saxon noble family of Bill Unger had been 944 Count in Bardengau, since 953 or 956 Margrave ( marchio ) and temporarily Substitute ( procurator regis) king Otto I in the Duchy of Saxony. From 952-973 Duke of Saxony on the Lüneburg.
In the years 953 ( Liudolfinischer uprising ), 961 (second Italian expedition of Otto ) and 966 (third Italian expedition of Otto ), he was entrusted by King Otto as procurator registered ( manager of the King) with domination and judicial powers in the Duchy of Saxony. The Chancellery avoided the term dux ( duke ), but is mentioned in the contemporary narrative sources so.
Hermann Graf was also in Wetigau, in Tilithigau, in Marstemgau and Bardengau.
Hermann Billungs father's name was Billung or billing and was probably Count in East Saxony, his mother is unknown. He had two older brothers, I. Wichmann the Elder, Count of Bardengau, and Amelung, Bishop of Verden.
In the autumn of 936 Hermann was appointed by Otto I with the defeat of the rebellious Redarier and appointed princeps militiae. A job may be to secure the north-eastern boundary of the Ostfrankenreiches on the lower Elbe was associated with this appointment.
When Otto 953 pulled into battle against his rebellious son Liudolf, he appointed as his deputy Hermann ( procurator regis) in the Duchy of Saxony; so Hermann de facto received the Duke position, but was not referred to as such, but rather marchio and comes. During this time succeeded Hermann, his nephew Wichmann II and Ekbert the one-eyed man who sympathized with the rebels to expel from Saxony.
In August 961 Otto set out on his second expedition to Italy and settled on 2 February 962 by Pope John XII. crowned emperor in Rome; for the period of his absence, he appointed Hermann again as his deputy in Saxony.
972 was Hermann Billung by Archbishop Adalbert of Magdeburg received like a king, sat at his place at the table and slept in his bed. Otto I was angered by the arrogance and punished the Archbishop; at the position as deputy Hermann Otto's changed, however, nothing. Hermann Billung was buried in the church of which he founded the monastery of St. Michaelis in Lüneburg. This view is refuted by Dietmar of Merseburg. Bishop Bruno of Verden refused the grave lay ( excommunication ).
Around the year 940, he is said to have founded the located in the Lüneburg Heath Hermannsburg, which derives its name from Hermann Billung. According to him, in Celle, a gymnasium, a street and a school in Quedlinburg, Schneverdingen and Munster ( Örtze) ever named a street and the Hermann Billung hiking trail in Soltau.
Marriages and descendants
Hermann Billung was probably married twice; his first wife was probably Oda of Saxony ( † March 15 probably after 973), his second name was Hildesuith ( Hildegard? Westerburg of the ). Hermann probably had five children:
- Bernhard I (* 950, † 1011), Duke of Saxony ( 973-1011 ), buried in the church of the monastery St. Michaelis in Lüneburg.
- Liutger ( Liudger ) ( † February 26, 1011 ) Earl of Lesum and Westfalengau, 991 testified buried in the church of the monastery St. Michaelis in Lüneburg
- Mathilde I. (* 935/945; † May 25, 1008 ) buried in the Abbey of St. Peter in Ghent
- Suanhilde ( Schwanhild ) (* 945/955; † November 28, 1014 ), buried in the monastery chapel of the castle mountain south of Kleinjena at Naumburg, reburied before 1028 in the church of the monastery of St. George in Naumburg
- Imma Abbess at Herford (973-1002)
- Widukind of Corvey: The Saxons story of Widukind of Corvey, in: Sources for the history of the Saxon Empire, translated by Albert Bauer, Reinhold Rau ( Freiherr vom Stein Memorial Issue 8 ), Darmstadt 1971, p 1-183.
- Thietmar of Merseburg Chronicle, translated by Werner Trillmich ( Freiherr vom Stein Memorial Issue 9 ) Darmstadt 1957.