Hidalgo (1869 made ), located north of the capital, a central state of Mexico. It is named after Miguel Hidalgo, who had initiated with his Grito de Dolores to the struggle for independence of Mexico. It has 20,813 km ² and about 2.6 million inhabitants. Capital is Pachuca de Soto. Administratively the state is divided into 84 municipios.
The most famous attraction of the state is the ruins of Tula, which is believed, it was the capital of the Toltecs.
The economy is mainly determined by the mining (silver, gold, lead, copper, zinc) and agriculture.