High Alemannic German

High Alemannic is a top German Dialektausformung in large parts of German Switzerland, Liechtenstein, in parts of South Baden (south of Freiburg), in the Alsatian Sundgau and in some areas in the Austrian Vorarlberg. Characteristic of the High Alemannic is the shift of Germanic k in initial position to ch: "child" and "head" for example, correspond High Alemannic " Chind " and " Chopf ". This distinction is also referred to as Sundgau -Bodensee barrier.


Eastern High Alemannic ( Eastern Swiss German )

In Switzerland:

  • Nordostschweizerisch: summary of several closely related dialects in eastern Switzerland, for example, the Thurgau ( Canton Thurgau ) and Schaffhausen ( in the canton of Schaffhausen → schaffhausisch - Thurgauischer dialect region ), but also to St. Galler- German, more Fürstenländisch, Toggenburgisch, Rheintalisch ( in the canton of St. Gallen)
  • Appenzellisch ( in Appenzell )

Outside of Switzerland (often expected to take high- Alemannic to the middle Alemannic or Lake Constance Alemannic ):

  • Liechtensteinisch ( in Liechtenstein )
  • Southern Vorarlbergerisch ( in the Austrian state of Vorarlberg)

Main feature

In the plural of verbs uniformly applies the suffix [- əd̥ ].

Transitional dialects between Eastern and Western High Alemannic

  • Luzernisch or Lucerne German ( in the canton of Lucerne, with no hinterland and Entlebuch )
  • Large parts of the Aargauerischen

The dialects include, depending on the criterion of the eastern part (eg verbal plural unit or closed pronunciation of / e / in bed or / o :/ in Broot ), part of the Western (eg, two shaped verbal plural or open pronunciation of / e / in bed and / o :/ in Broot ) group.

Western High Alemannic (West Swiss German )

(Only Switzerland :)

  • Western Aargauerisch ( in the canton of Aargau )
  • Basellandschäftlerdeutsch ( in the canton of Basel-Country )
  • Bern German ( in the Bernese Mittelland)
  • Fricktalerisch ( in the Frick valley )
  • Solothurnisch ( in the canton of Solothurn )

Main feature

The verbs have two plural forms [- ə - ət - ə ] instead of the plural unit.


  • Southern Freiburgisch (south of Freiburg im Breisgau)
  • Markgräflerländisch ( in Markgraeflerland )
  • Südschwarzwälderisch ( in the Black Forest )


This southernmost of the Alsatian dialects spoken in French Sundgau.