Hobart International Airport
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The Hobart International Airport ( IATA: HBA, ICAO: YMHB ), in German also Hobart Airport, is a major commercial airport in the south of the island belonging to Australia Tasmania in the same state. He is in the area of the settlements Llanherne and Mount Rumney in the Cambridge district, which belongs to Clarence City. The airport is about 17 kilometers from the city center of the Tasmanian capital Hobart, who is also the namesake of the airport, and is under the passenger numbers the largest airport in Tasmania and one of the most important in Australia. He will be joined by various Australian airlines with various destinations in Australia.
- 3.1 Development
- 3.2 Today
- 5.1 Start and runway
- 5.2 aircraft refueling
- 5.3 terminals 5.3.1 Passenger Terminal
- 5.3.2 International Terminal
- 5.3.3 National Terminal
- 5.3.4 Tasair terminal
- 5.3.5 freight terminals
The only take-off and landing strip of Hobart International Airport is located approximately at right angles to the shore of the southeast, Fredrick Hendry Bay in the area of settlement Llanherne and Mount Rumney in Cambridge, Clarence City. He is joined by the Tasman Highway to the city of Hobart.
The airport is located in the neighborhood of Cambridge Aerodromes, the airfield, he once replaced and is now used mainly by general aviation. The travel time between the terminals of the two airports is about 5 minutes.
Planning and construction period
Until the construction of the Hobart International Airport, the region around Hobart was aviation technically tethered only by the Cambridge Aerodrome. The Aerodrome was no longer meet the growing demands soon. This was in part because of sharp rise in passenger numbers in the 1940s and 50s. On the other hand, larger aircraft were always used, which could land only on longer start and runways and needed more modern terminals for clearance. In order not to cut off the region from international traffic, an extensive modernization program or a new building was necessary either. The demands for the new airport were reinforced by a heavy aircraft accident in which short crashed on March 10, 1946 Douglas DC -3 of the Australian National Airways after its launch around 9:00 clock in the Seven Mile Beach from the sea. In this accident, the worst ever in the history of aviation in Tasmania, all 25 passengers died.
In negotiations in January 1947, the then Minister of Transport Drakeford promised a solution to the problem and also put a new prospect.
The builders chose to build a new airport; the surface at the Frederick Henry Bay was found suitable. The area is very close to Cambridge Aerodrome. The airport, which bore the name Llanherne Airport in the project, construction and start-up phase, originally meant to be completed in 1951. The plans foresaw costs totaling 760,000 Australian pounds. Of this total, 650,000 to the construction of the runway, the sewers and the wastewater system. More 75,000 pounds were planned for the construction of the terminal facilities and other buildings, and 35,000 pounds for the purchase of the land required. The takeoff and landing runway was 6500 feet (1980 meters ) long and 200 feet ( 60 meters) are wide. The state funded the project because the airport was considered because of the interests of Australia in the Antarctic for the start of research aircraft in the southern polar region than ideal.
During the construction of Llanherne Airport, there were delays and repeatedly changes in the building plans. The length of the runway was shortened, for example, at 5800 feet ( 1768 meters). Hubert Lawrence Anthony, who was minister for civil aviation in Australia during the construction work, announced in 1951, the Airport will Llanherne 1952 record with a slight delay the operation. Later was targeted opening date of the end of 1952; as the reason for the delay were modifications on the run, the terminal, called the runways and other airport facilities, and especially financial problems. In December 1953, more than two years after the originally scheduled opening date, the construction was resumed in full. Prior to the construction operations had been severely restricted due to austerity programs. The official opening of the airport under the name Llanherne Airport finally took place on 23 June 1956, when the first airliner landed at the airfield. It was a 2 hours and 30 minutes earlier launched in Melbourne flight with a stopover at the airport at Western Junction Launceston near the town of Launceston in northern Tasmania.
Operation until privatization in 1998
Before the opening, large parts of the population and some government employees for the renaming of Llanherne Airport Hobart Airport. The reason for this was given especially that he is indeed in Llanherne, however, is one of Hobart, and this city is much better known than Llanherne, so that international passengers would have a better idea of the location of the airport. Shortly after the opening, he was renamed Hobart Airport. Already in the first year of operation, 120,000 passengers were handled and he was then the fifth largest airport in Australia. 1957 was the infrastructure of a terminal, a fuel bunker, a wooden weather station, a building for the administration as well as two cargo warehouses.
In the 1960s, the airport grew moderately. It was expected for the beginning of the seventies, with 200,000 passengers per year. These predictions, however, were surpassed in 1973 with 282,000 passengers.
In order to meet the increased numbers of passengers, a new terminal building was built and opened in 1976. It replaced the old passenger building of 1956. The terminal was rebuilt several times and expanded and is named Domestic Terminal ( Domestic Terminal ) as part of the combined main terminals still in operation.
1983, the construction of a new international terminal was completed, which was initially designed for aircraft up to the size of a Boeing 727. The national air traffic should be handled in the old terminal, the international in the new terminal. Such parallel clearance was intended to keep the safety effort on domestic flights as low as possible. The international terminal was expanded in 1985, that it can accommodate aircraft up to the size of a Boeing 767. The new terminal was opened in 1986. However, the international scheduled flights remained relatively modest with only one of Air New Zealand route flown to Christchurch in New Zealand. Following the expansion of the international operations of the Hobart Airport Hobart International Airport and International Airport has been renamed. Following the abolition of the Christchurch route in 1998 no regular international flights from Hobart longer offered, but the name of Hobart International Airport remained.
How many Australian airports was the state Hobart International Airport transfer in 1988 of the newly created state Federal Airports Corporation. This airport operator 's aim was to privatize all its airports, which was implemented in the second half of the nineties. So also the fully owned by the State of Hobart Airport was privatized in May of 1998.
In May, the Federal Airports Corporation to Hobart International Airport leased for $ 35 million at the Hobart International Airport Pty Ltd .. The privatization happened in the course of the Airports Act 1996, which in the following years all airports owned by the Federal Airports Corporation were, received new operator. The new operator must undertake to invest in the next period into two sections a total of 5.5 million dollars in the further expansion of the airport. The treaty, which entered into force on 11 June 1998, had a term of 50 years with an option to extend it for a further 49 years. After the agreed time, so on 11 June of the year 2097 or 2048 the airport to the Australian government would be dropped. The new operator, the Hobart International Airport Pty Ltd. ( HIAPL ), was a daughter of the port operator Tasmanian Ports Corporation and since the local government of Tasmania is also the owner of the Tasmanian Ports Corporation, the airport was thus indirectly the local government.
Meanwhile, the airport is, however, no longer in the public sector, as the Hobart International Airport Pty Ltd. was sold to the Tasmanian Gateway Consortium. The purchase negotiations began in summer 2007 and was completed on January 9, 2008. The price was $ 352 million, of which 350.5 million on the purchase and the remaining 1.5 million on goods and services tax (GST ) accounted for. At the Tasmanian Gateway Consortium Macquarie Global Infrastructure Fund III with 51.1 percent and the Retirement Benefits Fund Board a 49.9 percent stake.
Construction and development after privatization
After the sale of the Hobart International Airport some expansion programs were carried out. However, after privatization had as well as the majority of other airports in the country great difficulties because of the bankruptcy of the until then second largest and strong, especially on the domestic market airline Ansett Australia. Through the cessation of broke at the Hobart International Airport, the flight bookings abruptly by 40 percent. Other airlines started this in the near future, although on by enlarged their fleet and flights conducted. Nevertheless, the great wave of passengers could not be caught, many of whom could not take their flight. This led to a significant reduction in passenger numbers in 2001.
In 2004, then work, especially at the domestic terminal, made included the smaller enhancements as well as an extensive renovation of the passenger terminal. Also on taxiways and aprons modifications have been made and carried out expansion projects at the parks for cars. In the same year the master plan for the next year has been set. End of 2007, a new baggage handling system has been installed and the associated check -in hall inaugurated between the two passenger terminals, so this can be described as a terminal with two wings. The investment costs for the entire project amounted to 18 million dollars.
After the sale of the airport to the Tasmanian Gateway Consortium in 2009, already adopted in 2004 and still far leaked master plan by a new master plan was replaced. The reason was that the new operator other investment plans than the Vorbetreiber, who had written the old master plan. The new plan has a term of 20 years and will expire in 2029.
The Master Plan provides, inter alia, that parallel to the existing airstrip a taxiway to increase effectiveness and built the 2251 -meter-long airstrip will be extended by 280 meters and a number of enhancements and upgrades to the terminal and aprons. However, the passengers should continue to climb the aircraft on passenger stairs and not on passenger boarding bridges as passenger boarding bridges require longer boarding times and could lose the airport more attractive to major low cost airlines. For them, small orbital periods play a very important role. The Master Plan of 2009 calls depending on the current development on a high or a low stage of development. For example, the number of nearly 500 employees in 2009 to be greatly increased. So is the staff in the low variant until 2029 to grow to about 4000, in the high variant to 6000 employees.
According to local laws, Tasmania must after each landing will be screened passengers and luggage on vegetables, fruit, flowers, plants or similar way. In this action, which is intended to protect the native flora, including sniffer dogs are used.
A ban on night flights is not at Hobart.
After the opening of the airport, the classical network carriers such as Australia's Ansett Australia and Australian National Airlines (ANA ) were prominent at the airport. Favored with the increase in passenger numbers, especially with cheaper ticket prices, increased the number of airlines and flight routes at Hobart Airport. After the construction of the international terminal, there was also the first international scheduled flight the line of Air New Zealand from Christchurch to Hobart. This flight connection but was reinstated in 1998. Since then, the international air supply was limited with Airbus A330 or Boeing 777 on four to five charter flights of Singapore Airlines from November to December.
The airline flight plan is currently by the four airlines Qantas, Virgin Australia and Jetstar denied that fly scheduled services to Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney, Gold Coast and Brisbane. In addition, the regional airline Tasair, which maintains a base in Hobart, Tasmania in air traffic within active.
At the Hobart International Airport there is also a sightseeing flight offer. In a 30 -minute flight in a small aircraft Tasair the many sights and places overflown.
At the Hobart International Airport cargo airlines such as Australian Air Express are active. A special feature is the summer weekly flights connecting the airline Skytraders with an aircraft of the type Airbus A319 to Wilkins Runway, about 70 km from the Casey Station in the Australian Antarctic Territory, where the aircraft lands on a groomed snow and ice track. The same airline also conducts irregular flights with aircraft of type CASA C -212 to various other destinations in the Australian Antarctic Territory. Both flight services are carried out on behalf of the government. The airport with that comes one of the reasons for its construction by an ideal base for Antarctic flights.
The following table contains the traffic figures of Hobart International Airport and its development since the operation 1985 / 86th About 90 % of passengers currently accounts for the routes from Hobart to Melbourne and Sydney, where several airlines are active. The traffic figures are highly dependent on various economic factors, which they used to partially slumped, have increased since 2002 but strong. In 2001, although low in comparison to other airports, as a result of the terrorist attacks on September 11 and the Ansett collapse passenger numbers slightly and the number of aircraft movements dropped sharply. The boom in the tourist area of Bali did not necessarily lead to an increase in passenger numbers. The increase in the following years is mainly due to the start of services of Virgin Blue, now Virgin Australia, in 2002 and the recording of Hobart in the flight plan of Jetstar owe to 2004. In this time of Hobart International Airport one of the fastest growing airports in Australia was. Due to the oil crises of 2004-2005 and 2008 and the subsequent global economic crisis, the pace is stalled.
Flight operational equipment
The Hobart International Airport currently has the only airstrip 12/30 which has existed since the early years of the airport. It has a length of 2251 meters, is 45 meters wide and is equipped with an instrument landing system (ILS ).
The start and runway 12/30 was opened along with the airport in 1956. They then had a length of 1768 meters. Originally a 60 meters wider and with 1980 meters significantly longer airstrip was provided. The railway was extended in 1985 to extensions of 1768 to 2251 meters. This makes it suitable for aircraft up to the size of a Boeing 767 or a lightly loaded Boeing 747 and an Airbus A300. A Boeing 747 of Qantas Australian visited the airport already a visit.
The master plan of 2009, the airport operator provides for an extension of the airstrip. The start and runway will be extended by 280 to 2530 meters. This corresponds to an extension to 90 meters on the northern runway end and about 190 meters at its southern end. In addition, the taxiway system should be adjusted. A second take-off and landing runway is not provided.
In 2003, the Australian subsidiary of oil giant BP took over refueling duties at Hobart International Airport under the brand airbp. For this purpose, a new depot was built. The Company performs 50 refueling a day, all of which are performed by vehicles; Refueling columns on the apron there is not. For a refueling facility is with a small office building, three tanks for kerosene storage with a total capacity of 110,000 liters and a tank for aviation fuel with a capacity of 55,000 liters.
The Hobart International Airport has three passenger building. The two most important, the international and the domestic terminal, connected to each other and have a common check -in area between the two buildings, the baggage claim is, however, rather than separately in each section of the building. The third passenger terminal building is the Tasair, one located in the northern area of the main terminal, small separate building, which is used for the airline Tasair; there also general aviation is handled. For the freight aviation there are two plants in the southern ( Australian Air Express) and in the northern part ( Virgin Australia and Toll Air Express ) to the airport.
The passenger building of the Hobart International Airport was originally two terminals, the international and south of it the domestic terminal, but by a common check -in area with currently 20 check- in counters and a common baggage system, which in the course since 2007 modernization work was installed in 2007, are connected. The new baggage handling system shines through the checked baggage on explosives and other dangerous goods, before the bags are loaded into the aircraft. However, the baggage claim facilities and other facilities are still separately in both buildings.
The master plan provides for further measures for the terminal. For example, terminal extensions and the installation of additional check- in counters are planned. It is contemplated, however, continue to manage the entry and exit of passengers on passenger stairs. Passenger boarding bridges would extend the boarding times what. Among the dominant low cost airlines, for the short service life are important not mattered well and increased the risk of migration to neighboring airports with lower ground times
The former international terminal north of the Domestic Terminal is one of two clearance wings in the folded terminal. The construction was completed in 1983 and 1985 upgraded to accommodate aircraft up to the size of a Boeing 767 can. However, the international air traffic in Hobart remained very modest in scheduled operations with a now-defunct back air connection of the Air New Zealand to Christchurch. The four to five charter flights of Singapore Airlines from November to December with Airbus A330 or Boeing 777 mean no big international air traffic. Therefore, the wing of the old international terminal is used by the airlines Virgin Australia and Skytraders; as Tiger Airways Australia still came to Hobart, she also used the pier.
The former national terminal south of the international is the other wing in the collapsed terminal. The building, opened in 1976, replacing the 1956 originating terminal building. The section of the building is currently used by Qantas and its subsidiary JetStar Airlines and several other airlines.
The Tasair terminal, also Regional Passenger Terminal, is a small, serving as a passenger terminal building north of the main terminal and the cargo building of Virgin Australia and Toll Air It houses the local headquarters of the Tasair and is used to handle their regional air services, for example to Devonport and used to also conducted by Tasair sightseeing flights over the region of Hobart. The building is also used for general aviation, but because of the very nearby Cambridge Aerodromes, which has specialized in and the majority of general aviation in the region of Hobart receives, on the Hobart International Airport is not particularly strong presence.
The cargo terminal of Australian Air Express, an Australian cargo airline, is located in the southern part of the airport. The local area has with the associated buildings and the run-up to a size of 10,000 square meters. The buildings that are used for cargo handling, are former provided with an asbestos cement cladding, hangars.
The scheduled airline Virgin Australia and cargo airline Air Toll operate a common cargo terminal in the north of the airport. It was inaugurated in January 2007 and has a building footprint of 1000 square meters. The building has a separate cooling area for the storage of dangerous goods, food and plants.
Near the airport, a new airport hotel, Quality Hotel Hobart Airport at the corner of Tasman Highway and Holyman Avenue. The distance between the hotel and the terminal is less than two kilometers. The hotel has 78 rooms and offers a variety of support services and an airport shuttle at.
Before the terminal of the Hobart International Airport several car rental companies car rental stationed.
Directly in front of the terminal there is a generously landscaped parking area for passenger vehicles. Most pitches are outdoors, in addition there are also parking spaces in a low rise building. The use of the parking is not free.
The Hobart International Airport offers both on the air and on the land side about shopping for food and beverages and fast food restaurants. On the air side, there is a duty- free shop, boutiques and outlets for newspapers and magazines. The air-side shops open, according to the airport operator before the first flights leave the airport and close when the last flight is cleared, creating a supply of all passengers should be ensured.
The transport in the surrounding region and 17 kilometers away Hobart done for the most part with passenger cars mostly from the nearby airfield at highway Tasman Highway. The airport has several taxi companies have settled. In addition, several times a day one operated by the Company Redline airport to Hobart. On its route from Hobart to the airport, the bus stops at several stops. The journey time to the last stop is approximately one hour on the section between the central bus station in the Hobarter Liverpool Street and Hobart International Airport about thirty minutes. However, the stop at the bus stops before the Company by telephone or e -mail must be registered. The ticket prices for the shuttle service are ( as of January 2011) for adults 15 for children and pensioners ten Australian dollars. When booking a round- trip ticket at a reduced rate.