The Hoch-Taunus district is a district in the Regierungsbezirk of Darmstadt in Hesse in Germany. County seat is Bad Homburg. Adjacent are the Limburg- Weilburg, Lahn -Dill-Kreis, the Wetterau district, the district-free city of Frankfurt am Main, the similarly structured Main-Taunus -Kreis and the Rheingau- Taunus-Kreis.
The Hoch-Taunus district is known for its properties with very high rents and for the second highest purchasing power index of all the counties in the Federal Republic of Germany (behind the district of Starnberg ). 2014 was the purchasing power index 146 percent of the national average, or 30,759 euros per inhabitant. The cities Königstein im Taunus and Kronberg im Taunus have 191 percent and 180 percent, respectively, the highest per capita income in the Hoch-Taunus district. His neighbor, the Main-Taunus -Kreis, has in a purchasing power index of 138 percent over the fourth-highest per capita income in Germany.
- 4.1 traffic 4.1.1 rail
- 4.1.2 roads
The Hoch-Taunus district lies almost entirely in the Taunus, while its foreland with the " Taunus edge cities" Bad Homburg, Oberursel ( Taunus), Friedrichsdorf, Kronberg and Königstein in the south that already belong to the city of Frankfurt region, merges with the Upper Rhine Valley and the East in the Wetterau. The highest elevation is the Great Feldberg ( 881 m), the deepest point of the circle is located at Ober-Erlenbach, a suburb of Bad Homburg ( 128 m). The Hochtaunuskreis is often divided into front and eastern Hintertaunus, the front Taunus Frankfurt -facing side (before the height ) and the eastern Hintertaunus, which is often used as the Frankfurt recreation area is located on the other side of the Taunus mountains main ridge.
Today the district belonged in the Middle Ages to different dominations to Kurmainz, the Lords of Kronberg or Eppstein. Beginning of the 19th century belonged to the southern part of Hesse- Homburg, the northern part of the Principality, later Duchy of Nassau.
After the German war of 1866 came from Hesse -Homburg and the Nassau offices Königstein and Usingen the Upper Taunus district, headquartered in Bad Homburg. According to the district regulations from 1 April 1886 part 46 communities north of the mountain ridge was organized into a new county Usingen. In the Upper Taunus district remained 34 municipalities with an area of 22 454 hectares.
In 1919, the French occupied part of the Upper Taunus Nature Park - the former Nassau " Official Königstein " - separated and established as " auxiliary circuit Königstein ". It was only on October 1, 1928 - after the withdrawal of the French occupation troops - he returned to the Upper Taunus district.
Due to the Prussian saving ordinances of the county Usingen was disbanded on 1 August 1932. Parts of the circle fell on the neighboring counties Wetzlar, Lahn upper and lower Taunus, the lion's share, however, on the upper Taunuskreis. Just one year later, on October 1, 1933, the district Usingen restored on the initiative of the local National Socialist German Workers' Party ( NSDAP).
In the course of municipal reform in Hesse, these two surface smallest counties in Hesse were merged with effect from 1 August 1972 new Hochtaunuskreis. As the seat of county government, and thus as the county seat, the town of Bad Homburg was named.
In 1991, the High Taunus was known nationwide by a corruption scandal.
Country councils of Hochtaunuskreises
71 deputies are to be elected for the county council. The municipal election held 27 March 2011 yielded the following results:
The Hoch-Taunus district has entered into a partnership with the Israeli Gilboa district in 1986.
Coat of arms
Blazon: " Azure, a split rising lion, in front of four silver iron hats accompanied, gold reinforced and shared by nine silver and red, accompanied back of four golden clover leaves, rotbewehrt and golden. "
Coat Explanation: The circle coat of arms is a combination of the arms of the Upper Taunus circle and the circle Usingen. The front half corresponds to the Hessian lion and is the former Hesse- Homburg, the rear half of the lion has with the Golden Tincture back to the Duchy of Nassau. The four iron hats front reminiscent of the masters of Kronberg, which are the arms of the city Usingen taken four leaf clovers back. Thus, the former dominions of the district are symbolized. The coat of arms was approved on 12 July 1974.
- See also List of coats of arms in Hochtaunuskreis
Economy and infrastructure
The county town of Bad Homburg is an internationally known health resort. In Bad Homburg are with Fresenius Medical Care and Fresenius SE & Co. KGaA two DAX companies settled. As another well-known company based in Hochtaunuskreis are Milupa to call the Alte Leipziger insurance, Avis car rental, and the Thomas Cook Group. Also have Hochtaunuskreis the Gillette Group ( with Brown and Oral- B), Jaguar Germany (all in Kronberg ), Fidelity Investments Germany, the Canton Electronics and Accenture Germany its global headquarters.
The Hochtaunuskreis owns 146 per cent ( national average = 100 percent), the second highest purchasing power ( the average of the free available per - capita income is 30,759 euros per year) of the Federal Republic, many Wealthy (like bankers from neighboring Frankfurt) have in and around Bad Homburg their home found. The entire district area has very high land prices and is characterized by a generally very high rents. Nationwide, the number one ranked the Bavarian district of Starnberg ( 31,438 euro per inhabitant), the third place of the district of Munich ( 39,099 euro ) and fourth place in the adjacent Main-Taunus -Kreis ( 29,178 euros ) in which mainly Bad Soden am Taunus is considered expensive location.
The area of present-day Hochtaunuskreises is off the major axes of the long-distance railway network emanating from Frankfurt. The southern slope of the Taunus mountain range, whose towns and villages were as resorts and spas, as well as the preferred residential areas already one hundred years ago as popular as it is today, was therefore developed from Frankfurt by several railway companies, often with only short spurs.
The Homburg Railway Company opened its line on 10 September 1860 which started in Frankfurt from the Main-Weser Railway Station. Although they circumnavigated the Hessian place Bockenheim she needed for her route on Roedelheim - Oberursel to Homburg, the former residence of a small rural county and county seat of today's Hochtaunuskreises, the concession of four sovereign states.
In Roedelheim branched from November 1, 1874 from a branch line of the Cronberger Railway Company to the picturesque town of Kronberg Taunus. Meanwhile, neighboring town of Königstein was from February 24, 1902 developed by the small train maximum Königstein, which is now a part of the Hessian State Railways ( HLB). Meanwhile, the features of all three tracks begin at the Central Station in the center of Frankfurt.
Additionally joined in May 1910, the Frankfurt local train to Bad Homburg and Hohemark by two electric suburban railways with the city that are part of the Frankfurt U- Bahn network today. Already in 1899 there were in Homburg, an electric tram, which also ran a line to the Roman fort hall castle until 1935.
The radially emanating from Frankfurt railway network in the Taunus 1895 Taunus extended beyond the main ridge also by the railway line Homburg Friedrichsdorf - Usingen, which was connected in 1909 Gravenwiesbach with the route to Weilburg an der Lahn. Since 1912, led by Gravenwiesbach also a branch line through the Solmstal to Wetzlar. This is the basis of today's municipal Taunusbahn that today, however, already ends in Brandoberndorf in the Lahn- Dill-Kreis.
From Friedrichsdorf there is a connection to the Main- Weser -Bahn to Friedberg (Hessen ) ( railway Friedberg- Friedrichsdorf ), which was for many years traveled in the wake of the historic train Berlin -Bad Nauheim, Bad Homburg -Wiesbaden also express trains since July 15, 1901.
The public transport (PT ) on the rails serve today the S -Bahn lines S4 (Frankfurt- Kronberg ) and S5 ( Frankfurt -Bad Homburg Friedrichsdorf ) and operated by the Hessian Bahn GmbH routes Frankfurt- Königstein ( Königstein Railway, RMV line 12) and Bad Homburg - Usingen - Gravenwiesbach - Brandoberndorf ( Taunusbahn, RMV line 15). As RMV line 16 the route of Friedrichsdorf is operated by Friedberg.
Attached to the Frankfurt U- Bahn network are the cities of Bad Homburg ( U2, Bad Homburg - terminus Gonzenheim ) and Oberursel ( U3, Hohemark ).
As the Hoch-Taunus Transport Association ( VHT ), a special purpose association from the Hoch-Taunus district and all its cities and towns was founded in 1988. The Association has acquired the 28.8 km long railway Federal Friedrichsdorf - Usingen - Gravenwiesbach to the purchase price of 2.8 million DM in order to protect them from decommissioning. All public transport lines are incorporated since 1995 in the Rhine - Main Transport Association ( RMV).
By the district the federal highways lead 5 (Frankfurt- Hattenbacher triangle) and 661 ( Darmstadt- Oberursel ). In addition, several federal highways and county roads open up the district area, including the federal highways 275, 455 and 456 The holiday road Hochtaunusstraße links - between Bad Homburg and Bad Camberg - the sights of the circle for the tourists. The Taunus main ridge that divides the circle is overcome by various passports, see passports in the Hoch-Taunus.
County -owned enterprises
The Hochtaunuskreis operates with the Hoch-Taunus - clinics Hospitals in Bad Homburg and Usingen. In addition he is the owner of the Taunus menu Service GmbH, headquartered in Neu-Anspach, this supplies the clinics that Oberurseler workshops and some of the schools of Hochtaunuskreises with dishes that are cooked and flash-frozen in the cooking and cooling process. Together with the Main- Taunus-Kreis is the Hochtaunuskreis carrier TaunusSparkasse and principal shareholders of the Rhine -Main Landfill gGmbH ( RMD). Significant shares are held by the circle on the purpose association Taunus Nature Park and the purpose association Transport Association Hoch-Taunus ( VHT ). As Eigenbetrieb the Oberurseler sheltered workshops are conducted. At other companies, such as the Nassau Savings Bank, Süwag and the home of the Nassau county holds shares.
Cities and Towns
(Population at 31 December 2012)
Important regional newspapers are the Taunus Zeitung ( a head Journal of the Frankfurter Neue Presse ) and Usinger indicator, which is primarily represented in the Taunus region. The Frankfurter Rundschau published in a Taunus output that is devoted to the events in the county.