The term Holy Land (Hebrew ארץ הקודש Erez haQodeš, Latin: Terra Sancta, Greek Άγιοι Τόποι Agioi topoi, Arabic الأرض المقدسة, DMG al - ARDU l - Muqaddasa ) is a general term for the religious - historical geographical region of Israel. It affects other areas of religious importance for the four monotheistic Abrahamic religions, Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Baha'i. Part of the holiness of this region stems from the religious importance of Jerusalem and its importance as the land of promise, Abraham and the people of Israel promised by God according to the Old Testament.
The Crusades were led by the Holy Land to reclaim it for the religion of Christianity after Al -Hakim had 1009 Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, one of the largest sanctuaries of Christianity destroyed. Today, this region is at the heart of the Middle East conflict. The term dates back to the fourth century, when at the end of the period of persecution and the discovery of the " True Cross of Christ" in Jerusalem by Empress Helena, the interest of Christians in the scenes of the Bible, especially in Jerusalem, awoke.
The earliest documented journey of an ( anonymous ) Christian pilgrim from Bordeaux to the Holy Land took place in 333. She led from Bordeaux to Jerusalem, and is written in a Latin itinerary ( Travel Guide) held with details of the way stations.
Many events from the Old Testament and the life of Jesus were now localized, memorials and churches built. The pilgrimage to the Holy Land was henceforth regarded as significant for the salvation of souls.
Christians in the Holy Land
The Christians in the Holy Land make only a part of two percent of the total population of Israel, Palestine and Jordan, and are estimated at around 400,000 believers in 13 traditional churches ( five Orthodox churches, five Uniate Eastern Churches, the Roman Catholic Church, Anglican Communion, Protestant Lutheran churches ) specified. The Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem has 63 parishes and 42 schools with 19,000 students. It is mainly supported by the Equestrian Order of the Holy grave in Jerusalem.