Homo faber

The term Homo faber ( Latin for, the creative man 'or' man as a craftsman ') is used in philosophical anthropology to delineate the modern people of older ages mankind through his capacity as active modifiers his environment.

Will use this term in 1928 with Max Scheler in Scripture, the position of man in the cosmos. Scheler wanted to call anthropology, represented by evolutionists of Darwin and Lamarckschule. Accordingly, called homo faber a man that is not significantly different from the animal - if the animal one accorded intelligence - but only a more pronounced (practical ) intelligence and thus has a higher technical skills. Hannah Arendt put the homo faber 1958 in its major philosophical work vita activa, or active life from the "Animal laborans " ( which working animal ') against whose existence is reduced to working for livelihood. While in the development stage of the Animal laborans the good life is the highest and only relevant good and man-made products are reduced to their practical utility evaluates the Homo faber human works as valuable standing for itself.

A closely related distinction is that between the Viator mundi, a pilgrim or traveler through the world, which is seen as characteristic of the Middle Ages, and the resultant with the Renaissance Faber mundi, a Schaffer or ruler of the world.