With the homologation court certification of conformity of documents was referred to in the strict sense. In Luxembourg, for example, the recognition of foreign (especially German ) is called testimonies as " homologation ".
The meaning of the word has now greatly expanded: now therefore an extensive approval procedure is called, it is checked with on the basis of licensing requirements, whether the performance of delivered goods are such that they can be approved and can receive a certificate of homologation. Example: The requirement for the supply of equipment for mobile phone networks to China is a homologation of these facilities. (see also the concept of homologation, which is now used interchangeably. )
→ See also: ECE Homologation
The concept of homologation is important mainly for the automotive industry. For admission capacity vehicles must be configured so that these conform to local laws. Today's challenge for the automotive industry is primarily in the fulfillment of the numerous emission and crash regulations. These regulations vary around the world very differently. While some countries have no requirements for registration, other very strong ( eg EU, Japan, etc.) are regulated. The guidelines are sometimes so complex and varied that technical modifications on your vehicle requires extensive and intensive planning efforts.
As the basis of the currently known motor vehicle homologation, the vehicle - approval Regulation ( FZV ), partially supplemented by the traffic regulations may be cited. Most provisions of the registration of vehicles in these provisions. Today, the European legal system within the EU for type approval of vehicles shall prevail. This is based on Directive 70/156/EEC with all supplementary guidelines and future Directive 2007/46/EC, by the former policy is detached. These so-called "framework directives " point in terms of technical requirements to a variety of " specific directives " on the boards of a vehicle such as brakes, lights, seats, harnesses, glass itself - to name just a few - reflect. Only when completed the numerous descriptions of these systems and associated tests and present the corresponding partial licenses, the total authorization ( approval ) may be requested. The data of the whole vehicle approval produce the record, which allows the admission of the vehicle in each EU Member State. Although each state may still allow vehicles alone under national law, but this is no guarantee for admission in another state. In contrast, the European type approval is to allow a precondition vehicles in each EU Member State without further checks for the traffic. The manufacturer may submit an authorization in each EU Member State. So, a German manufacturer of its products also allow, for example, in Spain and then sell without additional approval in England.
In the field of motorsport competition cars and tracks are recognized by the national and international sports authorities and described in a homologation. The homologation is in many motorsport categories, the formal requirement to participate in competitions can.
Furthermore, there is homologation for safety-related components, such as fire extinguishers, seat belts, vehicle headlights, rollbar, etc., and items of personal equipment driver, so overall, helmet, shoes and gloves, fireproof underwear or the so-called HANS system.
The motorcycle and car racing, it is in near-standard classes, such as the Superbike World Championship, as usual, that each manufacturer has to produce a certain number of street-legal machines of a model to obtain the homologation for the respective race series for this.
→ See: approval of railway vehicles
In alpine skiing exist for circuits to competitions by the regulations of the International Ski Federation FIS (World Championships, World Cup, European Cup, Nor- Am Cup and FIS races ) held, certain minimum requirements in terms of distance and height difference, which for the individual disciplines are different. With the homologation of the slopes and the requirements for course setting ensures that acquired at FIS race points - for example, to participate in the World Cup entitle - based on comparable requirements that they were now collected on a hillside in Iceland or in India.
Also rules for sports equipment such as minimum length, width and sidecut of the ski, stand height above the bond and air permeability of the suits (even in ski jumping ) and labeling with registration numbers and seals are homologation.