Homophony or - phony (Greek homophōnía, " Harmony" ) is the name for a polyphonic musical set way, which occurs in two different characteristic forms, namely as
- Chord set in which all voices rhythmically (homo rhythmically ) or formed almost equal, so that the sentence essentially appears as a succession of chords. ( The four-part chorale setting for this is a prime example. )
- Melody set in which a melodic vocals ( usually the upper voice ) accompanied by chords or secondary voices in the sense of chord structure, in contrast to the rhythmic- melodic intrinsic value of votes in the polyphony.
The homophony came on in the early Baroque period and is associated with the emergence of opera. The text of the song should be comprehensible to the people, which in polyphonic music was not quite possible. It developed the monodic style. This includes the basso continuo.
Considered music theory, much of modern music are also classified as a homophone, such as rock music with the accompanying rhythm section ( bass, drums, rhythm guitar, keyboard ) and the leading melody voices of lead guitar and vocals.