The city of Hotan (和田 市; Pinyin: Hetian Shì; Uighur خوتەن; earlier Khotan ) is a county-level city of the district of Hotan in southern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the northwest of the People 's Republic of China. It has an area of 155.04 km ² and has 270,000 inhabitants ( 2004).
The German pilot Carl August von Gablenz emergency landing when he with Lufthansa Junkers Ju - 52 D- ANOY the airway in the Far East explored in August 1937 in Khotan. For four weeks, he was arrested with his crew. About this flight, he performed together with captain Robert Untucht and top radio operator machinist Charles Kirchhoff, he reported in detail in his 1937 book " D- ANOY defeat the Pamir". The spectacular flight over 2650 km, which had to be conquered the mountain passes of the Wakhan of more than 5,300 meters above sea level, was an internationally acclaimed pioneer performance. When the already -lost airmen landed at Berlin-Tempelhof on October 3, 1937, they were hailed as heroes.