House of Music is meant the making of music in the family, at school and in other social communities. Significant here is the musical activity in a non- public setting.
In the Middle Ages arose from singing together after work a variety of folk songs. They were transmitted orally. Through the folk song collections in the romance they are the first recorded examples of house music.
In Vienna, the heyday of house music was at the beginning of the 18th century as a new wave of patronage, which had an impact on the musical life of the city. The noble art patrons repeatedly invited musicians and bands in their castles one, which presented there, usually to a selected audience of new compositions.
While the imperial court was originally almost solely, on which the music was a care facility (for example through the establishment of Hofmusikkapelle by Maximilian I or opera performances under Leopold I and Charles VI. ), The love of music was gradually to the high and gentry about. So Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven also had among their aristocratic patrons. The characteristic flower of this closer connection of the artist with the needle is especially chamber music. At the beginning of the 19th century, this hobby then expanded under the middle class and reached its peak during the Biedermeier period. A feature of this house music is their easy playability and a small cast.
In the 18th and 19th centuries it belonged especially when the daughters from the upmarket European bourgeoisie to the obvious interests of a good education, to have enjoyed a musical education. Here piano and singing lessons were frequently set up. This raised for the family of daughters, the chance of a successful marriage of the girl. According demanding was the average level of the students. Professional goals were rarely associated with these studies. Musical careers of women as that of Clara Wieck, Schumann later, which were based on the mastery of an instrument, were the exception in the 18th and 19th centuries. Greater autonomy enjoyed the singers whose specific vocal ranges were requested in the cast of contemporary operas.
With the invention of the pianola, the record and the following recordings declined gradually the practice of house music. Youth music movements (eg, migratory birds ) and school music controlled counter this trend and encouraged the House Care with music old and new play and sing music. Fraternities kept the traditional songs also alive. The traditional singing of congratulatory songs for a birthday or Christmas carols during Advent has largely been preserved. The claim to the common music is, however, dropped sharply since the 19th century.
Traditional house music instruments, for example, piano, harmonium, guitar, accordion, recorder, dulcimer and zither. In more recent times, often added rhythm instruments such as maracas, Eggshaker or Schell rings. Also, can in principle all kinds of noise and toy instruments such as whistles or recorder heads use, especially when children play. However, little use is made of it so far.
The electronics has been found only with the keyboard in the catchment households, although there are already first attempts in the 1930s was ( Neo - Bechstein ). The electric guitar playing in the house music still a niche role, although it is becoming increasingly popular especially with the younger generation. The same applies to the drums.
However, has always been the indicator for house music that the few existing instruments had to be sufficient to accompany the singing.
Scores for the House Music
Simple song books formed the basis for the notation of the present house music. In its original version is reduced, the text was enough to remind you of the orally transmitted or media from the well-known melody. For the guitarist or accordionist above it the chord symbols were essential.
Music publishers today give special editions for the modern house music, bring out the difficult templates easily edited versions, reduce compositions on their melody and simple accompaniment or transpose into a more singable key. Especially popular music is reprinted and edited for home use.
Songs that were possibly never fixed previously in notes, but were directly recorded to an audio track, printed and published after the successful music recording sales in written form. Musicals are thereby used as well as pop and rock songs. For home use, these notes are most often incorporated in a highly simplified form in more or less extensive collections. These include, depending on the issue in the Vocal chord symbols for guitar and simple piano accompaniment. This supports the vocals. In some editions of the singing voice is also included in the piano part.
Often, the vocal melodies are listed twice in order to avoid confusion for the person or singer. The voice can be found here in the piano accompaniment again. For moderately advanced piano players, the difficulty arises, to pay off these duplicate tunes from the final accompaniment again.