House of Lara
The house Lara was between the late 11th and the mid 14th century, one of the five most important families of the medieval Kingdom of Castile with enormous influence both here and in the Kingdom of León. Many estates in Castile, León, Andalusia and Galicia enabled her to have a stabilizing and destabilizing effect on the country's politics. As a grandee of Spain from 1520 she held the title of Duke of Nájera and a Marquises of Aguilar de Campoo.
The chronicler Luis de Salazar y Castro (1658-1734) sees the house of Lara as the descendants of the Counts of Castile. However, this compound has not been established ( Piferrer, see below), but may be possible in the female line. Historians and genealogists agree that the progenitor of Gonzalo Núñez family; 's (c. 1052 † after 1105), first attested owner of Alfoz de Lara - a temporary possession and no personal property because they do not occur as Señores de Lara. The active participation of the owner of Lara at the reconquest brought them a close relationship with the royal house, a well - starting from a narrowly defined area at Burgos - its large landholdings in Castile, Galicia, León and Andalusia.
In the 12th century entertained Pedro González de Lara close ties to Queen Urraca of León - Castile († 1126 ) and then stood in opposition to Alfonso VII ( 1130). Rodrigo González de Lara, his brother, in turn alienated by the plundering of the Andalusian counties also the monarch, although he was its support in the fight against the Almoravids later. Manrique Pérez de Lara, Álvar Pérez and Nuño Pérez de Lara had during the minority of Alfonso VIII († 1214 ) great influence in the regency. Álvar Núñez de Lara was Regent of Henry I († 1217 ), Nuño González de Lara served Ferdinand III. († 1252) and Alfonso X († 1284), but also led in 1270 to an aristocratic opposition against the king. Juan Núñez de Lara el Mayor, Sovereign Lord of Albarracin, the coronation of Sancho IV resisted and fled to France. Juan Núñez de Lara was the head of several uprisings against Alfonso XI. († 1350).
Finally, the family who had supported Henry II († 1379 ), by Peter I. († 1369 ) was expropriated, but got it all back with the accession of Henry. The house Lara was also behind Isabella I in their confrontation with Joan of Castile ( Juana la Beltraneja ).
The only branch of this extensive family, who came to high titles, was the offspring of Manrique de Lara who led the Castilian title of Duque de Nájera, Marqués de Aguilar de Campoo, Conde de Paredes de Nava, Conde de Osorno as a grandee of Spain and which include the writer Gómez Manrique Jorge Manrique include many church leaders and a number of knights of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The Conde de Paredes de Nava served as Master of the Order of Santiago.
In 1520 Emperor Charles V made the house Lara or its most outstanding representatives to grandee of Spain, the Duke of Nájera and the Marqués de Aguilar del Campoo.