Howard Earl Gardner ( born July 11, 1943 in Scranton (Pennsylvania), USA) is professor of education and associate professor of psychology at Harvard University and associate professor of neurology at Boston University School of Medicine. He is also a successful author of several popular books, he also deals with questions of neuroethics. He developed an alternative theory to intelligence, the theory of multiple intelligences.
Gardner's parents Ralph and Hilde Gardner fled as Jews from the Nazis in 1938 from Nuremberg with her son Eric. Shortly before Howard Gardner's birth his brother died in a carriage accident. Both escape and death of his brother were never addressed in Gardner's childhood, but had by his own testimony major influence on his development and his thinking.
Gardner studied at Harvard University, first with the goal of becoming a lawyer, but turned under the influence of Erik Erikson psychology and pedagogy and in 1971 received his doctorate. He was then a lecturer and in 1986 professor at Harvard. He is currently professor Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education. At Harvard, he is co-director of Project Zero.
Works (selection of 20 books )
- The shattered mind: the person after brain damage. Knopf, New York 1975.
- Frames of Mind: the theory of multiple intelligences. Basic Books ( Harper Collins), New York 1983, ISBN 0-465-02510-2.
- The unschooled mind: how children think and how schools teach shoulderstand. Basic Books ( Harper Collins), New York, 1991, ISBN 0-465-08895-3.
- Creating minds: an anatomy of creativity seen through the lives of Freud, Einstein, Picasso, Stravinsky, Eliot, Graham and Gandhi. Basic Books ( Harper Collins), New York, 1991, ISBN 0-465-01454-2.
- Leading minds: an anatomy of leadership. Basic Books ( Harper Collins), New York 1995, ISBN 0-465-08280-7.
- Intelligence: Multiple Perspectives. Zus. with Mindy Kornhaber Wake and Warren. Holt, Rinehart and Winston Inc., 1991, ISBN 0-03-072629-8.
- Good work: when excellence and ethics meet. Zus. with Mihály Csíkszentmihályi and William Damon. Basic Books, New York 2001, ISBN 0-465-02607-9.
- Changing minds: the art and science of changing our own and other peoples minds. Harvard Business School Publishing, Boston, Massachusetts, 2004, ISBN 1-57851-709-5.
- Five minds for the future. Harvard Business School Publishing, Boston, Massachusetts, 2006, ISBN 1-59139-912-2.
- Multiple Intelligences. New Horizons. Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010, ISBN 978-1-45875-941-2.
Works in German translation
- The thinking on the track. To cognitive science. Klett- Cotta, Stuttgart, 1989, ISBN 3-608-93099- X.
- Farewell to the I.Q. - The frame theory of multiple intelligences. Klett- Cotta, Stuttgart, 1991, ISBN 3-608-93158-9.
- The untrained mind. How children think. Klett- Cotta, Stuttgart 1993, ISBN 3-608-95889-4.
- As ingenious as Einstein - the key to creative thinking. Klett- Cotta, Stuttgart, 1996, ISBN 3-608-91677-6.
- Intelligences. The diversity of the human spirit. Klett- Cotta, Stuttgart, 2002, ISBN 3-608-94263-7.
- Good Work! For a new ethics in the profession. Zus. with Mihály Csíkszentmihályi and William Damon. Klett- Cotta, Stuttgart, 2005, ISBN 978-3-60894-070-1.