Hudson Super-Six Coach
The Hudson Super Six refers to a series of six-cylinder cars, the Hudson Motor Car Company in Detroit manufactured in the model years 1917 to 1928. In 1933 the model name for a year revived. Even in the years 1940 and 1942 there was again a Super Six. Even after the Second World War, a model of this name was manufactured in the years 1946-1951 again. In the last year of production was the car Hudson Super Six Custom.
The Super Six of the Model 1917 was introduced in January 1916, and replaced the short-lived models Six -40 and Six - 54, the G- series were produced as a 1916er models only July-December 1915. That vehicle had a six-cylinder engine with 4736 cc ( Bore × Stroke: 88.9 mm × 127 mm) and a power of 76 bhp (56 kW) at 2.450/min. About korkbelegte a wet clutch, the engine power was transferred to a three -speed gearbox and then to the rear wheels. The mechanical brakes acted on the rear wheels.
The chassis had a wheelbase of 3,188 mm and could be equipped with different, mostly four-door bodies. But there was also a two-door convertible. The H-( 1916) and J (1917 ) Series 1918 were replaced by the almost unchanged M- series. The O series of 1919 and 1920 showed no great changes. In 1921, the operation of the car to still common schemes has been adjusted: The accelerator, which was until then between the clutch and brake pedal, emigrated to the known position right outside. The circuit means now worked by the usual H-pattern. From 1922 also limousines from Biddle & Smart were available in addition to the factory bodies. 1924, the wheelbase has been extended by 2 " to 3.239 mm. In this version, the car has been continued to be built until 1926. Biddle & Smart delivered this year, more than half of the bodies.
It was not until 1927, the design has been thoroughly revised: The now against motor -driven supplied with unchanged engine capacity 92 hp ( 67.7 kW) at 3.200/min. The wet multi-plate clutch has been replaced by a single-plate. There were two chassis with 2,997 mm or 3,235 mm wheelbase. The mechanical brakes acted on all four wheels. The new cars of the model S ( short wheelbase ) reached speeds up to 100 mph (161 km / h). Barney Oldfield scored with a Hudson Super Six at the 1000 - mile race in Culver City in 1927, an average speed of over 120 km / h Hudson now also ran a private body shop in Detroit and was less dependent on suppliers.
Also in 1928, the model series, O and S were built along the south with a slightly longer wheelbase of 3,010 mm. The car sold well, but were after nearly 12 years without major changes but slightly outdated.
The following year, the new model replaced the Greater Hudson Super Six, of which a total of 524 919 copies were created. 1925 was about 109 840 pieces with the best sales year.
Hudson introduced since 1930 under his own name no more six-cylinder models ago. In the corporate brand Essex but the Pacemaker was born. In model year 1933 was of this car under the traditional name Super Six is another version of the Hudson Emblem offered.
The cars of the Series E had a six-cylinder engine with 3164 cc ( Bore × Stroke: 74.6 mm x 120.7 mm), which made 73 bhp (54 kW) at 3.200/min. Optionally, there was this engine with 80 bhp (59 kW). The chassis had a wheelbase of 2,870 mm and could be equipped with different structures with two or four doors. Freewheel and adjustable steering column included as standard.
1934 Hudson offered again only eight-cylinder models; until 1935 it was with the Hudson Big Six again a six-cylinder model.
The only available chassis had a wheelbase of 2,997 mm. It was with very different structures, usually with two doors available. There was also a four-door sedan with 6 seats.
The following year, all Hudson were revised: The wheelbase has increased by 3 "to 3.073 mm, and the bodies were lower by 50 mm. With a similar body and the Commodore was. In this embodiment, the model was built to February 1942. After that, the production of cars was no longer possible because of the limitations imposed by the war.
1946, production was resumed. The only change was a new grille. In the following year there were no changes.
In 1948 appeared a completely new, streamlined model with a flatter bonnet and in the " step-down " design. (It is no longer got on the car on, but down since the footwell was now inserted in between the side rails. ) The cars had a to 3 " longer wheelbase ( 3,150 mm) and covered rear wheel arches. This gives the impression of an inverted bathtub was. There was also a new engine, also a six-cylinder with side- side valves, 4,293 cc ( Bore × Stroke: 90.5 mm x 111.1 mm), the (89 kW) made 121 bhp at 4,000 rpm.
1950, power of the engine 123 BHP ( 90.4 kw) is increased and the model built otherwise continue unchanged.
1951 Hudson all received a new grille with more chrome and above rounded shape. The wheelbase has shrunk by 1 /8 "to 3.146 mm. All model designations were given the suffix " Custom"; as the Super Six finished his last year as Super Six Custom.
The following year, the Super Six was accounted in favor of since 1941 Hudson Commodore Six -made parallel.
Kimes, Beverly R. (Editor), Clark, Henry A.: The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1945. Kraus Publications, 1985, ISBN 0-87341-045-9