Hugo Kronecker

Karl Hugo Kronecker ( born January 27, 1839 in Liegnitz (Silesia ), now Poland, † June 6, 1914 in Bad Nauheim ) was a German physiologist. He is the brother of the mathematician Leopold Kronecker ( 1823-1891 ).


Kronecker came from an educated and wealthy Jewish merchant family from 1859 and studied medicine in Berlin, Heidelberg and Pisa. He was a member of the fraternity Allemannia Heidelberg in WS 1859/60. He graduated in 1863 with his Doctor of Medicine, on muscle fatigue during Heinrich Emil du Bois -Reymond in Berlin from. After working as an assistant to Ludwig Traube, as well as Wilhelm Kühne.

In 1868 he went to the managed by Carl Ludwig Institute of Physiology, University of Leipzig, where he served as medical officer in 1871 assistant to Ludwig after participating in the Franco-German War. After his habilitation in 1872 he became a lecturer and associate professor in 1875 in Leipzig. From 1877 he was an associate professor in Berlin and head of the Institute of Physiology.

From 1884 to 1914 he was a follower of Paul Griitzner Professor of Physiology at the University of Bern, which he was Rector 1894-95. He dealt with the altitude sickness and created in 1894 the medical expertise for the construction of the Jungfrau Railway.


  • De ratione qua musculorum defatigatio ex eorum pendeat laboratories. 1863
  • About the fatigue and relaxation of striated muscles. Works from the Physiological Institute in Leipzig (1871) 177-266
  • The characteristic feature of the cardiac muscle motion. Contributions to the Anatomy and Physiology (1874) 173-204
  • The Genesis of tetanus. 1878
  • As to the supply of the frog's heart. Archives of Physiology (1878) 321-322
  • Christiani, Arthur and Hugo Kronecker: Thermal investigations. Archives of Physiology (1878) 334-336
  • Christiani, Arthur and Hugo Kronecker: Relationships between thermometry and Plethysmometrie. Archives of Physiology (1878) 336-340
  • Kronecker, Hugo and Ph. H. Meyer: A new simple method, the maximum internal temperature of animals to determine. Archives of Physiology (1878) 546-547
  • Kronecker, Hugo and Theodore Cash: Concerning the mobility of the muscles in their natural context. Archives of Physiology (1880) 179-180
  • Kronecker, Hugo and Basch, Samuel von: To reply of Mr. Waldenburg on his blood pressure test on uneröffneter artery. Archives of Physiology (1880) 280-283
  • Note to the previous communication of: Concerning the terms summation of stimuli and increase of excitability. Archives of Physiology (1880) 285-286
  • A telegraphic Kymometer. Z Instrument Science 1 (1881 ) 28
  • The Coordinationscentrum the ventricular movements. 1884
  • Old and new on the respiratory center. 1887
  • The innervation of the Säugethierherzens. 1897
  • The mountain sickness. 1903
  • Historical data on the theories of the muscle contraction. 1906
  • The Capillarsphygmograph. Z Biol Engineering Methodology 2 (1910 )