Launicke worked as a construction worker. In 1923, he joined the Young Communist League of Germany ( KJVD ) and the workers' sports club. In 1927 he became a member of the KPD. He was involved in Rotfrontkämpferbund.
From 1929 to 1931 he was a member of the district committee of the KJVD Naumburg and Teuchern. After Launicke was moved by Wiehe 1930, he took over in 1931, the function of an instructor of KJVD the district headquarters in Halle ( Saale).
In February 1933, he received a circular reference because of his political activities. On March 9, 1933, he was arrested. This was followed by a rendition and ill-treatment at the prison in Naumburg. The Schöffengericht Naumburg sentenced him there to a three-month prison sentence for insulting a mayor.
On October 17, 1935, a re- sentencing. The Berlin Court of Appeal ( Criminal Division 5 ) imposed a sentence of four years in prison for conspiracy treasonable enterprises. The civil rights were revoked for five years. Only a short time after his release on May 10, 1939 he was arrested again in June 1939 and Aussenkommando Rautalwerk Wernigerode deported to the Buchenwald concentration camp. In this camp he belonged to the illegal leadership of the KPD in the camp. In April 1945, he had to participate in a death march, which he survived.
After the end of National Socialism Launicke was in 1945 mayor of the small town of Wiehe, a neighboring village Roßleben and soon after the first Chief Executive of the former district Eckartsberga. He held until 1950 this function. After renaming the circle Eckartsberga in county Kölleda 1950 he took over the function of the District Secretary of the SED in the circle Kölleda. He then held positions at the National Front in the districts of Halle and Magdeburg. 1955, the Patriotic Order of Merit him as district secretary of the National Front Magdeburg was awarded bronze. From 1958 to 1963 he was then chairman of the Pioneer organization Ernst Thalmann in the district of Magdeburg. On 13 June 1974 he took over the chairmanship of the Committee of the anti-fascist resistance fighters in the district of Magdeburg.
In 1973 he was awarded the Patriotic Order of Merit of the GDR in gold.
After his death, the city of Magdeburg named a street in his honor ( Hugo Launicke Street), as well as a school that POS Hugo Launicke, in the district of Neustadt field. In the Thuringian municipality Bachra also a high school was named after him.