Iamdudum in Lusitania ( lt: Long ago in Lusitania / Portugal ) is the name of the encyclical of Pius X on May 24, 1911, the separation of church and state in Portugal.

Historical Background

On October 5, 1910, abolished the clerical monarchy in Portugal under the leadership of the Republican Teófilo Braga and proclaimed a republic. King Manuel II flees to England. The new anti-clerical government established its policy against the Church, dissolved the Jesuit monasteries, imprisoned as a reactionary force Catholic priests and monks, and forbade the wearing of religious habits in public. The state religious education was abolished, and civil marriage and divorce law and religious reference points in the state and politics have been prevented. These changes prompted Pope Pius X with the - to turn encyclical to his confreres in Portugal - written in Portuguese.

Suppression of the Church

Pope Pius X denounces the laws on separation of church and state as a crime; these laws would stir up a relentless hatred of the Church. He enumerates the various measures and laws of the Republicans and deplores the restrictions on the right to freedom of religion and the Priesterinhaftierungen as persecution and opposes the excesses against the bishops of Porto and Beja.


From the height of the Apostolic See despised and condemned the pope's laws and refused all government decrees from the separation of church and the Portuguese State. The laws constituted a breach of law and nature, and an attack on the divine constitution and be an attack on the freedom of the Church. The Pope said this governmental request null and void and for Christians incapable of being performed.

Duty of clerics

Pius X called his brethren to steadfastness on in the hope that with God's help everything will turn for the better. Priests, bishops and all the clergy, he called for public resistance: a life in bondage would make more sense as a service under the bondage. However, the personal freedom should be higher. The primary duty is the cohesion of the Christian communities and the preservation of the church. The bishops of the rest of the world, he called for support of his confreres in Portugal.